Heterologous prime/boost immunization of rhesus monkeys by using diverse poxvirus vectors.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

As the diversity of potential immunogens increases within certain classes of vectors, the possibility has arisen of employing heterologous prime/boost immunizations using diverse members of the same family of vectors. The present study was initiated to explore the use of divergent pox vectors in a prime/boost regimen to elicit high-frequency cellular immune responses to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope and simian immunodeficiency virus gag in rhesus monkeys. We demonstrated that monkeys vaccinated with a recombinant modified vaccinia virus Ankara (rMVA) prime/recombinant fowlpox virus (rFPV) boost regimen and monkeys vaccinated with a recombinant vaccinia virus prime/rFPV boost regimen developed comparable cellular immune responses that were greater in magnitude than those elicited by a homologous prime/boost with rMVA. Nevertheless, comparable magnitude recall cellular immune responses were observed in monkeys vaccinated with heterologous and homologous recombinant poxvirus following challenge with the CXCR4-tropic SHIV-89.6P. Consistent with this finding, comparable levels of containment of viral replication and CD4(+) T-lymphocyte preservation were seen in these groups of recombinant poxvirus-vaccinated monkeys. This study supports further exploration of combining recombinant vectors of the same family in prime/boost immunization strategies to optimize vaccine-elicited cellular immune responses.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Santra, S; Sun, Y; Parvani, JG; Philippon, V; Wyand, MS; Manson, K; Gomez-Yafal, A; Mazzara, G; Panicali, D; Markham, PD; Montefiori, DC; Letvin, NL

Published Date

  • August 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 81 / 16

Start / End Page

  • 8563 - 8570

PubMed ID

  • 17553898

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC1951337

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-538X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1128/JVI.00744-07


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States