Five-year predictive validity of DSM-IV conduct disorder research diagnosis in 4(1/2)-5-year-old children.

Journal Article (Journal Article)


This longitudinal study of a non-referred, population-based sample tested the 5-year predictive validity of the DSM-IV conduct disorder (CD) research diagnosis in children 4(1/2)-5 years of age.


In the E-Risk Study, a representative birth cohort of 2,232 children, mothers were interviewed and teachers completed mailed questionnaires to assess children's past 6-month CD symptoms. A follow-up assessment was conducted when children were 10 years old.


CD-diagnosed 5-year-olds were significantly more likely than controls to have behavioural and educational difficulties at age 10. Increased risk for age-10 educational difficulties persisted after controlling for age-5 IQ and ADHD diagnosis. Although the majority of CD-diagnosed 5-year-olds had no CD symptoms at age 10, findings suggest that these "remitted" children continued to experience behavioural and educational problems 5 years later despite their apparent remission from CD.


DSM-IV CD symptoms validly identify preschool-aged children who continue to have behavioural and educational problems in middle-childhood.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kim-Cohen, J; Arseneault, L; Newcombe, R; Adams, F; Bolton, H; Cant, L; Delgado, K; Freeman, J; Golaszewski, A; Kelesidi, K; Matthews, C; Mountain, N; Oxley, D; Watson, S; Werts, H; Caspi, A; Moffitt, TE

Published Date

  • May 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 18 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 284 - 291

PubMed ID

  • 19165535

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4212821

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1435-165X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1018-8827

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s00787-008-0729-1


  • eng