Efficacy of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase inhibitors in a primary mouse model of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma.
Recent advances in sarcoma genomics have identified novel mutations in the PI3K pathway in human sarcomas. Here, we use a mouse model of primary soft-tissue sarcoma for preclinical testing of doxorubicin and inhibitors of the PI3K pathway: BKM120 (PI3K inhibitor) and BEZ235 (a dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor). Doxorubicin-treated tumors (n = 15) showed a partial response rate of 6.6%, just as the majority of human sarcomas do not respond to doxorubicin. Treatment with BKM120 elicited a partial response in 50% of tumors (n = 10), which was also seen in combination with doxorubicin (n = 10). Additionally, BKM120 treatment produced a robust delay in tumor growth kinetics. BEZ235-treated tumors (n = 9) showed a complete response rate of 11.1%. Combining BEZ235 with doxorubicin (n = 10) increased the complete response rate to 50% (P = 0.035). These studies demonstrate that PI3K pathway inhibition is a viable and attractive target for soft-tissue sarcomas.
Kim, S; Dodd, RD; Mito, JK; Ma, Y; Kim, Y; Riedel, RF; Kirsch, DG
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