Lymphocyte shedding from genital tract of human immunodeficiency virus-infected women: immunophenotypic and clinical correlates.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to describe the lymphocyte subpopulations in genital tract samples from human immunodeficiency virus-infected women and the clinical correlates associated with lymphocyte shedding. STUDY DESIGN: Genital tract samples of women infected with human immunodeficiency virus-1 were processed for immunophenotyping analysis with a FACScan flow cytometer. Immunologic and virologic characteristics of women with and without lymphocyte shedding were compared with t test, Wilcoxon rank test, or Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: The rate of genital lymphocyte shedding among human immunodeficiency virus-1-infected women was 39%. Genital shedding was not related to age, race, use of antiretroviral therapy, or positive human immunodeficiency virus-1 culture. A negative rank correlation (r = -0.71, p = 0.047) between CD3+ CD4+ counts in peripheral blood and genital tract was observed. The majority of the lymphocyte cells were CD3+ CD8+, and > 80% of the CD3+ CD4+ cells were memory cells. CONCLUSION: The immune profile of the genital tract lymphocytes is suggestive of a local mucosal immune response.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bardeguez, AD; Skurnick, JH; Perez, G; Colon, JM; Kloser, P; Denny, TN

Published Date

  • January 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 176 / 1 Pt 1

Start / End Page

  • 158 - 165

PubMed ID

  • 9024107

Pubmed Central ID

  • 9024107

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9378

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s0002-9378(97)80029-4

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States