Do pediatric residents prefer interactive learning? Educational challenges in the duty hours era.
BACKGROUND: The volume of information that physicians must learn is increasing; yet, trainee educational time is limited. Many experts propose using trainees' learning preferences to guide teaching. However, data regarding predominant learning preferences within pediatrics are limited. AIM: Identify predominant learning preferences among pediatric residents in a Residency Training Program. METHODS: The Visual-Aural-Read/Write-Kinesthetic (VARK) questionnaire and Kolb Learning Style Inventory (LSI) were administered anonymously to 50 pediatric residents. RESULTS: Learning style assessments were completed by 50 pediatric residents. Residents were significantly more likely to be accommodating on the Kolb LSI, which is consistent with an interactive learning preference (p < 0.01); 30% demonstrated a multimodal preference on the Kolb LSI (Figure 1). VARK assessments demonstrated that 45 (90%) respondents were kinesthetic, which is also consistent with a significant preference for interactive learning (p < 0.01). Forty (80%) were found to be multimodal on the VARK (Figure 1). There was no association between learning preference and the residents' anticipated career choice or level of training. CONCLUSIONS: The predominant learning preferences among a cohort of pediatric residents from a single training program were consistent with a preference for interactive learning, suggesting that some trainees may benefit from supplementation of educational curricula with additional interactive experiences. Continued investigation is needed in this area to assess the effectiveness of adapting teaching techniques to individual learning preferences.
Turner, DA; Narayan, AP; Whicker, SA; Bookman, J; McGann, KA
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