Deep venous thrombosis evaluation with limited-flip-angle, gradient-refocused MR imaging: preliminary experience.
Sixteen patients (17 lower extremities) were prospectively examined with venography and limited-flip-angle, gradient-refocused magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for the presence or absence of deep venous thrombosis. Thrombosed vessels showed decreased-to-absent signal intensity, while patent vessels had high signal intensity. In 16 of 17 extremities, MR images allowed accurate detection and localization of the thrombi found with venography. In the remaining extremity, MR imaging allowed correct identification of thrombus in the iliac and femoral veins but incorrectly demonstrated clot in the calf and popliteal veins. MR imaging with limited-flip-angle, gradient-refocused pulse sequences appears to be a sensitive, noninvasive means of detecting deep venous thrombosis.
Spritzer, CE; Sussman, SK; Blinder, RA; Saeed, M; Herfkens, RJ
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