Effect of statin dose on incidence of atrial fibrillation: data from the Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 22 (PROVE IT-TIMI 22) and Aggrastat to Zocor (A to Z) trials.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Inflammation has been suggested as a factor in the initiation and maintenance of atrial fibrillation (AF). Several observational studies have suggested that statins, presumably through their anti-inflammatory properties, decrease the risk of AF. METHODS: We analyzed 2 large, randomized trials, PROVE IT-TIMI 22 and phase Z of the A to Z trial, which compared lower- versus higher-intensity statin therapy to evaluate whether higher-intensity statin therapy lowered the risk of AF onset during the 2 years of follow-up. We hypothesized that higher-intensity statin therapy would decrease the risk of AF when compared to lower-intensity statin therapy. From each trial, patients experiencing the onset of AF during follow-up were identified from the adverse event reports. RESULTS: Neither study showed a decreased AF risk with higher-dose statin. In PROVE IT-TIMI 22, 2.9% versus 3.3% in the high- versus standard-dose statin therapy, respectively, experienced the onset of AF over 2 years (OR 0.86, 95% CI 0.61-1.23, P = .41). In A to Z, rates were 1.6% versus 0.99%, respectively (OR 1.58, 95% CI 0.92-2.70, P = .096). In both trials, C-reactive protein levels (plasma or serum) tended to be higher among patients experiencing the onset of AF. CONCLUSION: Our randomized comparison among 8659 patients found that higher-dose statin therapy did not reduce the short term incidence of AF among patients after acute coronary syndromes when compared with standard dose statin treatment.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • McLean, DS; Ravid, S; Blazing, M; Gersh, B; Shui, A; Cannon, CP

Published Date

  • February 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 155 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 298 - 302

PubMed ID

  • 18215600

Pubmed Central ID

  • 18215600

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-6744

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-8703

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ahj.2007.10.024

Language

  • eng