Phosphorylation of beta-arrestin2 regulates its function in internalization of beta(2)-adrenergic receptors.

Journal Article

Beta-arrestins mediate agonist-dependent desensitization and internalization of G protein-coupled receptors. Previously, we have shown that phosphorylation of beta-arrestin1 by ERKs at Ser-412 regulates its association with clathrin and its function in promoting clathrin-mediated internalization of the receptor. In this paper we report that beta-arrestin2 is also phosphorylated, predominantly at residues Thr-383 and Ser-361. Isoproterenol stimulation of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor promotes dephosphorylation of beta-arrestin2. Mutation of beta-arrestin2 phosphorylation sites to aspartic acid decreases the association of beta-arrestin2 with clathrin, thereby reducing its ability to promote internalization of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor. Its ability to bind and desensitize the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor is, however, unaltered. These results suggest that, analogous to beta-arrestin1, phosphorylation/dephosphorylation of beta-arrestin2 regulates clathrin-mediated internalization of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor. In contrast to beta-arrestin1, which is phosphorylated by ERK1 and ERK2, phosphorylation of beta-arrestin2 at Thr-383 is shown to be mediated by casein kinase II. Recently, it has been reported that phosphorylation of visual arrestin at Ser-366 prevents its binding to clathrin. Thus it appears that the function of all arrestin family members in mediating internalization of G protein-coupled receptors is regulated by distinct phosphorylation/dephosphorylation mechanisms.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lin, F-T; Chen, W; Shenoy, S; Cong, M; Exum, ST; Lefkowitz, RJ

Published Date

  • August 27, 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 41 / 34

Start / End Page

  • 10692 - 10699

PubMed ID

  • 12186555

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0006-2960

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States