DT diaphorase [NAD(P)H: (quinone acceptor) oxidoreductase] facilitates redox cycling of menadione in channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) cytosol.
Characteristics of DT diaphorase (NAD(P)H: (quinone acceptor) oxidoreductase, DTD) activity in Ictalurus punctatus and the effect of DTD activity on menadione (MND)-mediated reduction of acetylated cytochrome c (AcC) were examined. DTD activity in cytosols of four organs followed a distinct gradient in the order stomach greater than gill greater than liver greater than posterior kidney. A similar gradient was observed in organ-specific rates of in vitro AcC reduction in the presence of either NADH or NADPH as reducing equivalent. A greater proportion of the AcC reduction rate was sensitive to inhibition by dicoumarol (DC) in organs with relatively high DTD specific activity (e.g., stomach) than in organs with low DTD activity (e.g., kidney). No such trend was observed in the superoxide dismutase (SOD)-sensitive proportion of AcC reduction rates. DTD was observed to contribute to MND-mediated superoxide production to a greater extent in organs with high DTD activity than in organs with low DTD activity. DC-sensitive (i.e., DTD-mediated) AcC reduction was observed to increase with organ-specific DTD activity, and the majority of the AcC reduction rate was inhibitable by SOD. These findings demonstrate a direct contribution by DTD activity to MND-mediated superoxide production in this in vitro system. The role of I. punctatus DTD as a possible deleterious agent in quinone metabolism and implications regarding the traditional conception of DTD as a detoxifying enzyme are discussed.
Hasspieler, BM; Di Giulio, RT
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