A truncated form of fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 inhibits signal transduction by multiple types of fibroblast growth factor receptor.
A truncated form of the type 1 fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR1) lacking most of its cytoplasmic domain was tested for its ability to inhibit signal transduction by each of three different wild-type FGFRs (FGFR1, 2, and 3). When the truncated FGFR1 was expressed in Xenopus oocytes in excess of each wild-type FGFR, mobilization of intracellular calcium mediated by the wild-type FGFRs was completely blocked. The truncated FGFR did not inhibit signal transduction by the co-expressed platelet-derived growth factor beta-receptor. A form of truncated FGFR1 which lacked the first immunoglobulin-like domain also inhibited signal transduction by wild-type FGFRs. Truncated FGFR formed complexes with wild-type FGFR in the presence of basic FGF in intact cells. These observations were consistent with the hypothesis that the truncated FGFR interacted with wild-type FGFRs to form nonfunctional heterodimers, thus eliminating the signaling by the wild-type FGFRs. The observation that signaling by multiple types of FGFR can be blocked by a single type of truncated FGFR suggests that the different types of FGFR can interact with each other in ligand-mediated complexes. These findings provide a molecular basis for inhibiting the actions of FGFs in vivo.
Ueno, H; Gunn, M; Dell, K; Tseng, A; Williams, L
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