Sp1 regulates osteopontin expression in SW480 human colon adenocarcinoma cells.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Osteopontin (OPN) mediates cancer metastasis. Mechanisms regulating OPN expression in human colorectal cancer are unknown. Using SW480 colon adenocarcinoma cells, we hypothesized that transcription determines OPN expression. METHODS: SW480 constitutively express OPN. Transient transfection and deletion analysis of human OPN promoter (full-length 2.1 kb)-luciferase constructs identified cis-regulatory regions. Gelshift and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays identified the trans-regulatory nuclear protein. Using in vitro adhesion, migration, and invasion studies, siRNA was used to determine the functional effect of decreased nuclear protein expression. RESULTS: A cis-regulatory promoter region, nt-80 to nt-108, upregulated OPN transcription. Gelshift assays demonstrated specific binding of nuclear proteins. Competition with unlabeled mutant oligonucleotides indicated that the region, nt-94 to nt-104 (TGGGCTGGGC), was essential for protein binding in gelshift assays. Confirmatory ChIP assays showed the corresponding nuclear protein to be Sp1. Sp1 expression was ablated with siRNA (si-Sp1), resulting in decreased OPN-dependent adhesion, migration, and invasion by 50%, 70%, and 65%, respectively. Exogenous addition of OPN to si-Sp1 cells restored adhesion, migration, and invasion indices. CONCLUSIONS: In SW480 human colon cancer cells, we conclude that Sp1 mediated expression of the tumor metastasis protein, OPN, regulates in vitro functional correlates of tumor metastasis.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Takami, Y; Russell, MB; Gao, C; Mi, Z; Guo, H; Mantyh, CR; Kuo, PC

Published Date

  • August 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 142 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 163 - 169

PubMed ID

  • 17689681

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2174430

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0039-6060

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.surg.2007.02.015


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States