Effect of protease inhibitors on protein degradation in rat hepatoma cells I. Effect on general protein degradation
Tosyllysine chloromethyl ketone and tosylphenylalanine chloromethyl ketone in vitro are active-site specific and irreversible inhibitors of trypsin (EC 18.104.22.168) and chymotrypsin (EC. 22.214.171.124) respectively. Using rat hepatoma cells in suspension culture, both inhibitors were found to partially inhibit breakdown of prelabelled cell proteins ot amino acids, the effect being greastest in the absence of serum. Protein synthesis in rat hepatoma cells, reticulocytes and reticulyte lysates was also irreversibly inhibited by these compounds. Reduction of ATP levels with antimycin a inhibited protein degradation, but neither tosylphenylalanine chloromethyl ketone nor tosyllysine chloromethyl ketone had any effect on ATP concentration in rat hepatoma cells. These results suggest that the degradation of at least some proteins in animal cells may involve the action of serine protease(s). © 1974.
McIlhinney, A; Hogan, BLM
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