History of depressive and/or anxiety disorders as a predictor of treatment response: a post hoc analysis of a 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of paroxetine controlled release in patients with fibromyalgia.

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Despite of a high comorbidity of depressive and/or anxiety disorders with fibromyalgia, information on the clinical implications of this comorbidity is limited but antidepressants are commonly prescribed to treat fibromyalgia in clinical practice. We investigated whether a history of depressive and/or anxiety disorders was associated with response to paroxetine controlled release (CR) in the treatment of fibromyalgia. METHODS: One hundred sixteen (116) fibromyalgia subjects were randomized to receive paroxetine CR or placebo for 12 weeks. The primary outcome was treatment response defined as >or=25% reduction in the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) score. In multivariate logistic regression, we determined if a history of depression and/or anxiety disorders was an independent predictor of response to paroxetine CR. RESULTS: In logistic regression, the history of depression and/or anxiety did not predict treatment response as measured by >or=25% reduction in Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) score (OR=0.66, 95% CI=.29-1.49, Wald=0.97, p=0.32), while the drug status (paroxetine CR) was significantly associated with treatment response (OR=2.57, CI=1.2-5.61, Wald=5.5, p=0.02). CONCLUSION: A significant proportion of patients with fibromyalgia had a history of anxiety and or depressive disorders. However response to treatment of fibromyalgia symptoms with paroxetine CR was not associated with a history of depressive and/or anxiety disorders. Our findings need to be confirmed in more adequately-powered and well-designed subsequent studies.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Pae, C-U; Masand, PS; Marks, DM; Krulewicz, S; Peindl, K; Mannelli, P; Patkar, AA

Published Date

  • August 31, 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 33 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 996 - 1002

PubMed ID

  • 19433129

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1878-4216

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2009.05.005

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England