Acute HIV infection among pregnant women in Malawi.

Published

Journal Article

There are limited data on acute HIV infection (AHI) prevalence during pregnancy. Malawian pregnant women admitted in the third trimester and meeting eligibility criteria underwent dual HIV rapid antibody testing. AHI prevalence was retrospectively detected through HIV RNA pooling of seronegative plasma. Among 3,825 pregnant women screened, dual HIV rapid testing indicated that 30.2% were HIV positive, 69.7% were HIV negative, and 0.1% were indeterminate. Sensitivity and specificity of dual rapid testing was 99.0% and 98.7%, respectively. Of 2,666 seronegative specimens, 2,327 had samples available for HIV RNA pooling; 5 women (0.21%) (95% confidence interval, 0.03-0.40%) had AHI with a median peripartum viral load of 1,324,766 copies/mL. Pregnant women are at risk for AHI, warranting counseling of all women and their sexual partners about incident HIV during pregnancy. Dual HIV rapid tests have high sensitivity and specificity. HIV testing should be repeated in the third trimester and/or at delivery.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gay, CL; Mwapasa, V; Murdoch, DM; Kwiek, JJ; Fiscus, SA; Meshnick, SR; Cohen, MS

Published Date

  • April 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 66 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 356 - 360

PubMed ID

  • 20226326

Pubmed Central ID

  • 20226326

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-0070

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2009.12.001

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States