Potential donor-recipient MYH9 genotype interactions in posttransplant nephrotic syndrome after pediatric kidney transplantation.

Published

Journal Article

Recurrence of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) with nephrotic syndrome is relatively common after kidney transplantation in young recipients whose predialysis course consists of heavy proteinuria, hypertension and subacute loss of kidney function. The gene(s) mediating this effect remain unknown. We report an unusual circumstance where kidneys recovered from a deceased African American male donor with MYH9-related occult FSGS (risk variants in seven of eight MYH9 E1 haplotype single nucleotide polymorphisms) were transplanted into an African American male child with risk variants in four MYH9 E1 risk variants and a European American female teenager with two MYH9 E1 risk variants. Fulminant nephrotic syndrome rapidly developed in the African American recipient, whereas the European American had an uneventful posttransplant course. The kidney donor lacked significant proteinuria at the time of organ procurement. This scenario suggests that donor-recipient interactions in MYH9, as well as other gene-gene and gene-environment interactions, may lead to recurrent nephrotic syndrome after renal transplantation. The impact of transplanting kidneys from donors with multiple MYH9 risk alleles into recipients with similar genetic background at high risk for recurrent kidney disease needs to be determined.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Freedman, BI; Nagaraj, SK; Lin, J-J; Gautreaux, MD; Bowden, DW; Iskandar, SS; Stratta, RJ; Rogers, J; Hartmann, EL; Farney, AC; Reeves-Daniel, AM

Published Date

  • October 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 2435 - 2440

PubMed ID

  • 19764949

Pubmed Central ID

  • 19764949

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1600-6143

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2009.02806.x

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States