A mechanism of COOH-terminal binding protein-mediated repression.
The E2F4 and E2F5 proteins specifically associate with the Rb-related p130 protein in quiescent cells to repress transcription of various genes encoding proteins important for cell growth. A series of reports has provided evidence that Rb-mediated repression involves both histone deacetylase (HDAC)-dependent and HDAC-independent events. Our previous results suggest that one such mechanism for Rb-mediated repression, independent of recruitment of HDAC, involves the recruitment of the COOH-terminal binding protein (CtBP) corepressor, a protein now recognized to play a widespread role in transcriptional repression. We now find that CtBP can interact with the histone acetyltransferase, cyclic AMP--responsive element--binding protein (CREB) binding protein, and inhibit its ability to acetylate histone. This inhibition is dependent on a NH2-terminal region of CtBP that is also required for transcription repression. These results thus suggest two complementary mechanisms for E2F/p130-mediated repression that have in common the control of histone acetylation at target promoters.
Meloni, AR; Lai, C-H; Yao, T-P; Nevins, JR
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