Characterization of the hypercoagulable state in patients with sickle cell disease.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of sickle cell disease (SCD) is complex, with increasing evidence of a pronounced prothrombotic state. OBJECTIVE: We investigated thrombin generation in SCD utilizing calibrated automated thrombography (CAT) and D-dimer, with subsequent correlation to clinical disease. PATIENT/METHODS: The study included 51 patients homozygous for hemoglobin S, either admitted for vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC) (n=34) or while in steady state and being seen in outpatient clinic (n=37). Twenty patients had blood drawn during both VOC and steady state. Mean values for CAT and D-dimer were compared between groups. Mean values for patients with and without clinical complications such as avascular necrosis and stroke were also compared. Linear regression was used to evaluate correlation to number of hospitalizations and for all pediatric patients, transcranial doppler (TCD) velocities. RESULTS: The mean D-dimer during VOC (2743 ± 3118 ng/ml) was significantly higher than during steady state (1151 ± 802, p<0.0001). Comparison of crisis and steady state by CAT also revealed a significant difference in all phases of thrombin generation, including mean endogenous thrombin potential (1381 ± 295 nM vs 923 ± 316, p<0.0001) and peak thrombin generated (284 ± 9 vs 223 ± 18, p=0.0002). There were no significant differences in mean values for the clinical outcomes examined in adults. In pediatric patients, however, increased TCD velocities correlated with steady state D-dimer (r(2)=0.32, p=0.02) and thrombin-antithrombin complex (r(2)=0.28, p=0.04. CONCLUSION: Hypercoagulable markers distinguish between patients with SCD during and between VOC, but do not correlate with specific clinical phenotypes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Shah, N; Thornburg, C; Telen, MJ; Ortel, TL

Published Date

  • November 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 130 / 5

Start / End Page

  • e241 - e245

PubMed ID

  • 22959127

Pubmed Central ID

  • 22959127

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-2472

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.thromres.2012.08.307

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States