Modular nanotransporters: a multipurpose in vivo working platform for targeted drug delivery.

Published

Journal Article

Modular nanotransporters (MNT) are recombinant multifunctional polypeptides created to exploit a cascade of cellular processes, initiated with membrane receptor recognition to deliver selective short-range and highly cytotoxic therapeutics to the cell nucleus. This research was designed for in vivo concept testing for this drug delivery platform using two modular nanotransporters, one targeted to the α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (αMSH) receptor overexpressed on melanoma cells and the other to the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor overexpressed on several cancers, including glioblastoma, and head-and-neck and breast carcinoma cells.In vivo targeting of the modular nanotransporter was determined by immuno-fluorescence confocal laser scanning microscopy and by accumulation of (125)I-labeled modular nanotransporters. The in vivo therapeutic effects of the modular nanotransporters were assessed by photodynamic therapy studies, given that the cytotoxicity of photosensitizers is critically dependent on their delivery to the cell nucleus.Immunohistochemical analyses of tumor and neighboring normal tissues of mice injected with multifunctional nanotransporters demonstrated preferential uptake in tumor tissue, particularly in cell nuclei. With (125)I-labeled MNT{αMSH}, optimal tumor:muscle and tumor:skin ratios of 8:1 and 9.8:1, respectively, were observed 3 hours after injection in B16-F1 melanoma-bearing mice. Treatment with bacteriochlorin p-MNT{αMSH} yielded 89%-98% tumor growth inhibition and a two-fold increase in survival for mice with B16-F1 and Cloudman S91 melanomas. Likewise, treatment of A431 human epidermoid carcinoma-bearing mice with chlorin e(6)- MNT{EGF} resulted in 94% tumor growth inhibition compared with free chlorin e(6), with 75% of animals surviving at 3 months compared with 0% and 20% for untreated and free chlorin e(6)-treated groups, respectively.The multifunctional nanotransporter approach provides a new in vivo functional platform for drug development that could, in principle, be applicable to any combination of cell surface receptor and agent (photosensitizers, oligonucleotides, radionuclides) requiring nuclear delivery to achieve maximum effectiveness.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Slastnikova, TA; Rosenkranz, AA; Gulak, PV; Schiffelers, RM; Lupanova, TN; Khramtsov, YV; Zalutsky, MR; Sobolev, AS

Published Date

  • January 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 7 /

Start / End Page

  • 467 - 482

PubMed ID

  • 22346349

Pubmed Central ID

  • 22346349

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1178-2013

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1176-9114

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2147/IJN.S28249

Language

  • eng