Flavin-dependent antioxidant properties of a new series of meso-N,N'-dialkyl-imidazolium substituted manganese(III) porphyrins.
A number of synthetic manganese complexes exhibit both in vitro and in vivo catalytic antioxidant activities. This study reports that the antioxidant potencies of a new series of meso-N,N'-dialkyl-imidazolium substituted manganese(III) porphyrins are dependent, in part, on their ability to redox cycle with endogenous flavin-dependent oxidoreductases. Inhibition of lipid peroxidation activities of these novel cationic porphyrins was compared using rat brain homogenate as a source of lipids and endogenous oxidoreductases. Iron and ascorbate was used as initiators of lipid peroxidation, and two indices of lipid peroxidation (thiobarbituric acid reactive species (TBARS) and F(2)-isoprostanes) were determined. All meso-N,N'-dialkyl-imidazolium substituted porphyrins tested were potent inhibitors of lipid peroxidation with IC(50) ranging from 0.1 to 34 microM with a metal-dependent potency of Mn(III)>Co(III)>Zn(II). A flavin-dependent oxidoreductase antioxidant process was supported by the ability of the diphenyleneiodonium chloride (DPI, a flavoenzyme inhibitor) to decrease the potency of Mn-porphyrins in the lipid peroxidation model and that Mn-porphyrins stimulate NADPH oxidation in rat brain homogenates. These data suggest that metalloporphyrins may have differential antioxidant effects in tissues due to the presence or absence of flavin-dependent oxidoreductases.
Kachadourian, R; Johnson, CA; Min, E; Spasojevic, I; Day, BJ
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