In vivo antigenic modification of tumor cells. I. Introduction of murine leukemia virus antigens on non-virus-producing murine sarcomas.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Murine oncovirus antigens represent excellent targets for immune recognition, and virus-associated tumors are generally susceptible to various immunotherapy protocols. Virus-negative tumors, however, are nonimmunogenic and refractory to immunologic control. Therefore, the feasibility of the introduction of antigens onto non-virus-expressing tumors in situ in inbred C57BL/6J mice by systemic administration of nononcogenic murine retroviruses was investigated. Two classes of murine fibrosarcomas were studied: a 3-methylcholanthrene-induced fibrosarcoma syngeneic to C57BL/6 mice (MCA-FS) and a Harvey murine sarcoma virus-transformed, nonproducer fibrosarcoma syngeneic to C57BL/6 mice (H-NP). Both were found to be devoid of infectious ecotropic murine leukemia virus (MuLV) or MuLV antigens. A single dose of Friend murine leukemia virus (F-MuLV) was used to superinfect MCA-FS- and H-NP-induced tumors in vivo and converted these tumors to a highly productive, virus-positive state. In vivo superinfected tumors were indistinguishable from their preinfected counterparts by competition radioimmunoassays for the virion's major envelope glycoprotein, gp71, and its group-specific antigen, p30, and by assays for infectious virus. Analysis of virus from tumor extracts proved that the antigenic specificity of the superinfected tumor was provided by F-MuLV administered systemically to the animals. Finally, an immunoperoxidase technique, applied to tumor cross sections, demonstrated the uniform appearance of viral antigens in the superinfected tumors.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Iglehart, JD; Ward, EC; Thiel, K; Huper, G; Geier, SS; Bolognesi, DP

Published Date

  • July 1981

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 67 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 107 - 115

PubMed ID

  • 6942181

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0027-8874


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States