Direct fluorescence detection of RNA on microarrays by surface-initiated enzymatic polymerization.
We report the first demonstration of surface-initiated enzymatic polymerization (SIEP) for the direct detection of RNA in a fluorescence microarray format. This new method incorporates multiple fluorophores into an RNA strand using the two-step sequential and complementary reactions catalyzed by yeast poly(A) polymerase (PaP) to incorporate deoxyadenosine triphosphate (dATP) at the 3'-OH of an RNA molecule, followed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) to catalyze the sequential addition of a mixture of natural and fluorescent deoxynucleotides (dNTPs) at the 3'-OH of an RNA-DNA hybrid. We found that the 3'-end of RNA can be efficiently converted into DNA (∼50% conversion) by polymerization of dATP using yeast PaP, and the short DNA strand appended to the end of the RNA by PaP acts as the initiator for the TdT-catalyzed polymerization of longer DNA strands from a mixture of natural and fluorescent dNTPs that contain up to ∼45 Cy3 fluorophores per 1 kb DNA. We obtained an ∼2 pM limit of detection (LOD) and a 3 log-linear dynamic range for hybridization of a short 21 base-long RNA target to an immobilized peptide nucleic acid probe, while fragmented mRNA targets from three different full length mRNA transcripts yielded a ∼10 pM LOD with a similar dynamic range in a microarray format.
Tjong, V; Yu, H; Hucknall, A; Chilkoti, A
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)