Characterization of the cysJIH regions of Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli B. DNA sequences of cysI and cysH and a model for the siroheme-Fe4S4 active center of sulfite reductase hemoprotein based on amino acid homology with spinach nitrite reductase.
The hemoprotein component of Salmonella typhimurium sulfite reductase (NADPH) (EC 22.214.171.124) was purified to homogeneity from cysJ266, a mutant strain lacking sulfite reductase flavoprotein. The siroheme- and Fe4S4-containing enzyme was isolated as a monomeric 63-kDa polypeptide and consisted of a mixture of unligated enzyme and a complex with sulfite. Following reduction with 5'-deazaflavin-EDTA and reoxidation, the complex was converted to the uncomplexed, high spin ferri-siroheme state seen previously with Escherichia coli sulfite reductase hemoprotein preparations. The S. typhimurium hemoprotein exhibited catalytic and physical properties identical to the hemoprotein prepared by urea dissociation of E. coli sulfite reductase holoenzyme and was fully competent in reconstituting NADPH-sulfite reductase activity when combined with excess purified sulfite reductase flavoprotein. The DNA sequences of cysI and cysH from S. typhimurium and E. coli B were determined and, together with previously reported data, confirmed the organization of this region as promoter-cysJ-cysI-cysH with all three genes oriented in the same direction from the promoter. Molecular weights deduced for the cysI-encoded sulfite reductase hemoprotein and for the cysH-encoded 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate sulfotransferase were approximately 64,000 and 28,000, respectively. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequence of sulfite reductase hemoprotein with that of spinach nitrite reductase (Back, E., Burkhart, W., Moyer, M., Privalle, L., and Rothstein, S. (1988) Mol. Gen. Genet. 212, 20-26), which also contains siroheme and an Fe4S4 cluster, showed two groups of cysteine-containing sequences with the structures Cys-(X)3-Cys and Cys-(X)5-Cys, which are homologous in the two enzymes and are postulated to provide the ligands of the Fe4S4 cluster in both proteins. From these sequences and from crystallographic (McRee, D. E., Richardson, D. C., Richardson, J. S., and Siegel, L. M. (1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261, 10277-10281) and spectroscopic data in the literature, a model is proposed for the structure of the active center of these two enzymes.
Ostrowski, J; Wu, JY; Rueger, DC; Miller, BE; Siegel, LM; Kredich, NM
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