The molecular pharmacology of estrogen receptor modulators: implications for the treatment of breast cancer.
In addition to physiologic activities in the reproductive, skeletal, and central nervous systems, estrogens have been shown to play important roles in the aberrant cell proliferation observed in breast and reproductive tract cancers. Not surprisingly, pharmaceuticals that target different steps in the estrogen signal transduction pathway have found widespread use in the treatment of a wide variety of estrogen-linked disorders. The goal of this review is to outline what is known about the molecular pharmacology of the estrogen receptor and discuss how this information can be used to guide selection of drugs for a particular therapeutic application, and identify new targets where pharmaceutical exploitation could yield novel therapeutics.
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