The role of ACAID and CD4+CD25+FOXP3+ regulatory T cells on CTL function against MHC alloantigens.
PURPOSE: Anterior chamber associated immune deviation (ACAID) is an antigen-specific form of peripheral immune tolerance that is induced to exogenous antigens placed in the ocular anterior chamber, which leads to a suppression in delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH). Considerable work has been done on ACAID induction to major histocompatibility (MHC) alloantigens. However, its role on cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) activity is currently unknown. METHODS: C57BL/6 (H-2(b)) mice received an intracameral (IC) inoculation with BALB/c (H-2(d)) splenocytes. Splenic CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell populations were characterized by flow cytometry and proliferation assays during induction and expression phases of ACAID. Percentages of CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) T regulatory cells (Treg) were also followed. Lastly, CTL function was measured at various time points during ACAID expression, and Treg were added to identify potential alterations in CTL function. RESULTS: CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell percentages and proliferation increased in the spleen during ACAID induction but then sharply decreased in response to an allospecific immunization. Expression of ACAID also exhibited a significant drop in CTL function. However, while Treg expansion was observed, these cells did not directly mediate the CTL inhibition. CONCLUSIONS: ACAID mediates an inhibition of CTL function against MHC alloantigens. Furthermore, we found that ACAID induction leads to the expansion and proliferation of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells while ACAID expression is associated with a diminishment in T cell percentages due to proliferation impairment. Lastly, Treg also expand during ACAID induction. However, our data suggest that Treg do not directly inhibit CTL activity.
Saban, DR; Cornelius, J; Masli, S; Schwartzkopff, J; Doyle, M; Chauhan, SK; Peck, AB; Grant, MB
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