An association between the 4G polymorphism in the PAI-1 promoter and the development of aggressive fibromatosis (desmoid tumor) in familial adenomatous polyposis patients.
Aggressive fibromatosis is a mesenchymal neoplasm associated with mutations resulting in beta-catenin mediated transcriptional activation. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is expressed at a high level in aggressive fibromatosis, and using transgenic mice, we found that PAI-1 plays an important role in aggressive fibromatosis tumor formation. Familial adenomatous polyposis is associated with Adenomatous Polyposis Coli gene mutations resulting in beta-catenin mediated transcriptional activation, yet only some patients develop aggressive fibromatosis. Since PAI-1 expression is influenced by a promoter 4G/5G polymorphism, we investigated the incidence of this polymorphism in familial adenomatous polyposis patients who did and who did not develop aggressive fibromatosis, as well as sporadic aggressive fibromatosis patients. There was a trend towards association of the 4G allele (associated with high PAI-1 expression) with the development of aggressive fibromatosis in familial adenomatous polyposis patients (50% vs. 19%, P = 0.1). In familial adenomatous polyposis patients who did not develop aggressive fibromatosis, there was a significantly lower proportion of patients with a 4G allele compared to the healthy control (19% vs. 51%, P = 0.0286). The lower incidence of 4G polymorphism in the PAI-1 promoter may be preventive against the development of aggressive fibromatosis. This data provides additional evidence supporting an important role for PAI-1 in the pathogenesis of aggressive fibromatosis.
Li, CF; Wei, RY; Baliko, F; Bapat, B; Alman, BA
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