Formate dehydrogenase from Methanobacterium formicicum. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy of the molybdenum and iron-sulfur centers.
Formate dehydrogenase from Methanobacterium formicicum was examined by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. Although oxidized enzyme yielded no EPR signals over the temperature range 8-200 K, dithionite reduction resulted in generation of two paramagnetic components. The first, a nearly isotropic signal visible at temperatures below 200 K with g1 = 2.018, g2 = 2.003, and g3 = 1.994, exhibited nuclear hyperfine interaction with two equivalent protons (A1 = 0.45, A2 = 0.6, and A3 = 0.55 milliTeslas). EPR spectra of partially reduced 95Mo-enriched formate dehydrogenase exhibited additional 3-4 milliTeslas splittings, due to spin interaction with the 95Mo nucleus. Thus, this signal is due to a Mo center. This is the first reported example of a Mo center with gav greater than 2.0 in a biological system. The second species, a rhombic signal visible below 40 K with g values of g1 = 2.0465, g2 = 1.9482, and g3 = 1.9111 showed no hyperfine coupling and was assigned to reduced Fe/S. Both paramagnetic species could be detected in samples of M. formicicum whole cells anaerobically reduced with sodium formate. The Mo(V) signal was altered following addition of cyanide (g1 = 1.996, g2 = 1.988, and g3 = 1.980). Growth of bacteria in the presence of 1 mM WO4(2-) resulted in abolition of the Mo(V) EPR signal and formate dehydrogenase activity. Em, 7.7 was -330 mV for Mo(VI)/Mo(V) and -470 mV for Mo(V)/Mo(IV).
Barber, MJ; Siegel, LM; Schauer, NL; May, HD; Ferry, JG
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