The influence of adjuvant therapy on cardiorespiratory fitness in early-stage breast cancer seven years after diagnosis: the Cooper Center Longitudinal Study.
We examined cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) levels in early stage breast cancer patients and determined whether CRF differs as a function of adjuvant therapy regimen. A total of 180 early breast cancer patients representing three treatment groups (surgery only, single-, and multi-modality adjuvant therapy) in the Cooper Center Longitudinal Study (CCLS) were studied. A non-cancer control group (n = 180) matched by sex, age, and date of the CCLS visit was included. All subjects underwent an incremental exercise tolerance test to symptom limitation to assess CRF (i.e., peak metabolic equivalents [METs] and time to exhaustion). The mean time from breast cancer diagnosis to exercise tolerance testing was 7.4 ± 6.2 years. In adjusted analyses, time to exhaustion and peak METs were incrementally impaired with the addition of surgery, single-, and multi-modality adjuvant therapy compared to those of matched controls (p = 0.006 and 0.028, respectively). CRF was lowest in the multi-modality group compared to all other groups (all p's < 0.05). Despite being 7 years post-diagnosis, asymptomatic early breast cancer survivors have marked reductions in CRF. Patients treated with multi-modal adjuvant therapy have the greatest impairment in CRF.
Lakoski, SG; Barlow, CE; Koelwyn, GJ; Hornsby, WE; Hernandez, J; Defina, LF; Radford, NB; Thomas, SM; Herndon, JE; Peppercorn, J; Douglas, PS; Jones, LW
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