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Ben Goodman

Research Scientist
Center for Child and Family Policy
Sanford Building, Room 256, Box 90539, Durham, NC 27708
201 Science Drive, Box 90539, Durham, NC 27708-0539

Selected Publications


The effects of a universal short-term home visiting program: Two-year impact on parenting behavior and parent mental health.

Journal Article Child Abuse Negl · June 2023 BACKGROUND: At the time of childbirth, families face heightened levels of unmet need. These needs, if left unmet, can lead parents to engage in less positive parenting practices, which in turn, increase the risk of child maltreatment. Family Connects (FC) ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Impact of a universal perinatal home-visiting program on reduction in race disparities in maternal and child health: Two randomised controlled trials and a field quasi-experiment.

Journal Article Lancet Reg Health Am · November 2022 BACKGROUND: Public health interventions must become accountable for reduction of race disparities, particularly among Black, Hispanic, and Non-Hispanic White families in the United States. Family Connects (FC) is a universal perinatal home-visiting program ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Evaluation of a Family Connects Dissemination to Four High-Poverty Rural Counties.

Journal Article Matern Child Health J · May 2022 Featured Publication OBJECTIVES: Home visiting is a popular approach to improving the health and well-being of families with infants and young children in the United States; but, to date, no home visiting program has achieved population impact for families in rural communities ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Transitioning to virtual interaction during the COVID-19 pandemic: Impact on the family connects postpartum home visiting program activity.

Journal Article Infant Ment Health J · January 2022 In this paper, we analyze program activity for Family Connects (FC), an evidence-based postpartum home-visiting intervention, during the COVID-19 pandemic. When the pandemic began, FC transitioned to a virtual protocol which maintains key psychosocial comp ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Home Visiting Services During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Program Activity Analysis for Family Connects.

Journal Article Matern Child Health J · January 2022 PURPOSE: Early reports highlighted challenges in delivering home visiting programs virtually during the COVID-19 pandemic but the extent of the changes in program implementation and their implications remains unknown. We examine program activity and famili ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Maximizing the return on investment in Early Childhood Home Visiting through enhanced eligibility screening.

Journal Article Child Abuse Negl · December 2021 BACKGROUND: The MIECHV (Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting) program invests substantial federal resources to prevent child maltreatment and emergency medical costs. Eligibility is based on screening of demographic or clinical risk factors, ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on substance use among adults without children, parents, and adolescents.

Journal Article Addict Behav Rep · December 2021 Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on alcohol and illicit substance use among adults without children, parents, and adolescents was investigated through two studies with five samples from independent ongoing U.S. longitudinal studies. In Study 1, 931 adults w ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Effect of a Universal Postpartum Nurse Home Visiting Program on Child Maltreatment and Emergency Medical Care at 5 Years of Age: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Journal Article JAMA Netw Open · July 1, 2021 Featured Publication IMPORTANCE: The Family Connects (FC) program, a community-wide nurse home visiting program for newborns, has been shown to provide benefits for children and families through the first 2 years of life. Potential longer-term outcomes for child well-being rem ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Randomized controlled trial of Family Connects: Effects on child emergency medical care from birth to 24 months.

Journal Article Dev Psychopathol · December 2019 Featured Publication One of Tom Dishion's most significant contributions to prevention science was the development of affordable, ecologically valid interventions, such as the Family Check-Up, that screen for child and family risk factors broadly, but concentrate family-specif ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Effect of a Community Agency-Administered Nurse Home Visitation Program on Program Use and Maternal and Infant Health Outcomes: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Journal Article JAMA Netw Open · November 1, 2019 IMPORTANCE: Postnatal home visitation to support parenting and infant healthy development is becoming increasingly common based on university efficacy studies, but effectiveness when disseminated by communities is not clear. OBJECTIVE: To test implementati ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Moving Beyond Program to Population Impact: Toward a Universal Early Childhood System of Care.

Journal Article J Fam Theory Rev · March 2019 Featured Publication Families have clearly benefited from increased availability of evidence-based intervention, including home-visiting models and increased federal funding for programs benefiting parents and children. The goal of population-level impact on the health and wel ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Universal Reach at Birth: Family Connects

Journal Article Future of Children · March 1, 2019 Featured Publication How do we screen all families in a population at a single time point, identify family-specific risks, and connect each family with evidence-based community resources that can help them overcome those risks-an approach known as targeted universalism? In thi ... Full text Open Access Cite

Community Prevention of Child Maltreatment in the United States: The Family Connects Program

Journal Article Japanese Journal of Child Abuse and Neglect · 2019 Cite

Can typical US home visits affect infant attachment? Preliminary findings from a randomized trial of Healthy Families Durham.

Journal Article Attach Hum Dev · December 2017 US government-funded early home visiting services are expanding significantly. The most widely implemented home visiting models target at-risk new mothers and their infants. Such home visiting programs typically aim to support infant-parent relationships; ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Implementation and randomized controlled trial evaluation of universal postnatal nurse home visiting.

Journal Article Am J Public Health · February 2014 OBJECTIVES: We evaluated whether a brief, universal, postnatal nurse home-visiting intervention can be implemented with high penetration and fidelity, prevent emergency health care services, and promote positive parenting by infant age 6 months. METHODS: D ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Randomized controlled trial of universal postnatal nurse home visiting: impact on emergency care.

Journal Article Pediatrics · November 2013 BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although nurse home visiting has proven efficacious with small samples, scaling up to community populations with diverse families has not yet proven effective. The Durham Connects program was developed in collaboration with commu ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Toward Population Impact from Home Visiting.

Journal Article Zero Three · January 1, 2013 Although some home-visiting programs have proven effective with the families they serve, no program has yet demonstrated an impact at the population level. We describe the Durham Connects (DC) initiative, which aims to achieve population impact by coalesci ... Open Access Link to item Cite

Paternal Work Stress and Latent Profiles of Father-Infant Parenting Quality.

Journal Article J Marriage Fam · June 2011 The current study used latent profile analysis (LPA) to examine the implications of fathers' experiences of work stress for paternal behaviors with infants across multiple dimensions of parenting in a sample of fathers living in nonmetropolitan communities ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Longitudinal Associations between Maternal Work Stress, Negative Work-Family Spillover, and Depressive Symptoms.

Journal Article Fam Relat · July 1, 2009 The current study examined associations over an 18-month period between maternal work stressors, negative work-family spillover, and depressive symptoms in a sample of 414 employed mothers with young children living in six predominantly nonmetropolitan cou ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

The effects of a universal short-term home visiting program: Two-year impact on parenting behavior and parent mental health.

Journal Article Child Abuse Negl · June 2023 BACKGROUND: At the time of childbirth, families face heightened levels of unmet need. These needs, if left unmet, can lead parents to engage in less positive parenting practices, which in turn, increase the risk of child maltreatment. Family Connects (FC) ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Impact of a universal perinatal home-visiting program on reduction in race disparities in maternal and child health: Two randomised controlled trials and a field quasi-experiment.

Journal Article Lancet Reg Health Am · November 2022 BACKGROUND: Public health interventions must become accountable for reduction of race disparities, particularly among Black, Hispanic, and Non-Hispanic White families in the United States. Family Connects (FC) is a universal perinatal home-visiting program ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Evaluation of a Family Connects Dissemination to Four High-Poverty Rural Counties.

Journal Article Matern Child Health J · May 2022 Featured Publication OBJECTIVES: Home visiting is a popular approach to improving the health and well-being of families with infants and young children in the United States; but, to date, no home visiting program has achieved population impact for families in rural communities ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Transitioning to virtual interaction during the COVID-19 pandemic: Impact on the family connects postpartum home visiting program activity.

Journal Article Infant Ment Health J · January 2022 In this paper, we analyze program activity for Family Connects (FC), an evidence-based postpartum home-visiting intervention, during the COVID-19 pandemic. When the pandemic began, FC transitioned to a virtual protocol which maintains key psychosocial comp ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Home Visiting Services During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Program Activity Analysis for Family Connects.

Journal Article Matern Child Health J · January 2022 PURPOSE: Early reports highlighted challenges in delivering home visiting programs virtually during the COVID-19 pandemic but the extent of the changes in program implementation and their implications remains unknown. We examine program activity and famili ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Maximizing the return on investment in Early Childhood Home Visiting through enhanced eligibility screening.

Journal Article Child Abuse Negl · December 2021 BACKGROUND: The MIECHV (Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting) program invests substantial federal resources to prevent child maltreatment and emergency medical costs. Eligibility is based on screening of demographic or clinical risk factors, ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on substance use among adults without children, parents, and adolescents.

Journal Article Addict Behav Rep · December 2021 Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on alcohol and illicit substance use among adults without children, parents, and adolescents was investigated through two studies with five samples from independent ongoing U.S. longitudinal studies. In Study 1, 931 adults w ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Effect of a Universal Postpartum Nurse Home Visiting Program on Child Maltreatment and Emergency Medical Care at 5 Years of Age: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Journal Article JAMA Netw Open · July 1, 2021 Featured Publication IMPORTANCE: The Family Connects (FC) program, a community-wide nurse home visiting program for newborns, has been shown to provide benefits for children and families through the first 2 years of life. Potential longer-term outcomes for child well-being rem ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Randomized controlled trial of Family Connects: Effects on child emergency medical care from birth to 24 months.

Journal Article Dev Psychopathol · December 2019 Featured Publication One of Tom Dishion's most significant contributions to prevention science was the development of affordable, ecologically valid interventions, such as the Family Check-Up, that screen for child and family risk factors broadly, but concentrate family-specif ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Effect of a Community Agency-Administered Nurse Home Visitation Program on Program Use and Maternal and Infant Health Outcomes: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Journal Article JAMA Netw Open · November 1, 2019 IMPORTANCE: Postnatal home visitation to support parenting and infant healthy development is becoming increasingly common based on university efficacy studies, but effectiveness when disseminated by communities is not clear. OBJECTIVE: To test implementati ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Moving Beyond Program to Population Impact: Toward a Universal Early Childhood System of Care.

Journal Article J Fam Theory Rev · March 2019 Featured Publication Families have clearly benefited from increased availability of evidence-based intervention, including home-visiting models and increased federal funding for programs benefiting parents and children. The goal of population-level impact on the health and wel ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Universal Reach at Birth: Family Connects

Journal Article Future of Children · March 1, 2019 Featured Publication How do we screen all families in a population at a single time point, identify family-specific risks, and connect each family with evidence-based community resources that can help them overcome those risks-an approach known as targeted universalism? In thi ... Full text Open Access Cite

Community Prevention of Child Maltreatment in the United States: The Family Connects Program

Journal Article Japanese Journal of Child Abuse and Neglect · 2019 Cite

Can typical US home visits affect infant attachment? Preliminary findings from a randomized trial of Healthy Families Durham.

Journal Article Attach Hum Dev · December 2017 US government-funded early home visiting services are expanding significantly. The most widely implemented home visiting models target at-risk new mothers and their infants. Such home visiting programs typically aim to support infant-parent relationships; ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Implementation and randomized controlled trial evaluation of universal postnatal nurse home visiting.

Journal Article Am J Public Health · February 2014 OBJECTIVES: We evaluated whether a brief, universal, postnatal nurse home-visiting intervention can be implemented with high penetration and fidelity, prevent emergency health care services, and promote positive parenting by infant age 6 months. METHODS: D ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Randomized controlled trial of universal postnatal nurse home visiting: impact on emergency care.

Journal Article Pediatrics · November 2013 BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although nurse home visiting has proven efficacious with small samples, scaling up to community populations with diverse families has not yet proven effective. The Durham Connects program was developed in collaboration with commu ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Toward Population Impact from Home Visiting.

Journal Article Zero Three · January 1, 2013 Although some home-visiting programs have proven effective with the families they serve, no program has yet demonstrated an impact at the population level. We describe the Durham Connects (DC) initiative, which aims to achieve population impact by coalesci ... Open Access Link to item Cite

Paternal Work Stress and Latent Profiles of Father-Infant Parenting Quality.

Journal Article J Marriage Fam · June 2011 The current study used latent profile analysis (LPA) to examine the implications of fathers' experiences of work stress for paternal behaviors with infants across multiple dimensions of parenting in a sample of fathers living in nonmetropolitan communities ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Longitudinal Associations between Maternal Work Stress, Negative Work-Family Spillover, and Depressive Symptoms.

Journal Article Fam Relat · July 1, 2009 The current study examined associations over an 18-month period between maternal work stressors, negative work-family spillover, and depressive symptoms in a sample of 414 employed mothers with young children living in six predominantly nonmetropolitan cou ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Nonstandard Work Schedules, Perceived Family Well-Being, and Daily Stressors.

Journal Article J Marriage Fam · November 2008 Data from two studies assessed the effects of nonstandard work schedules on perceived family well-being and daily stressors. Study 1, using a sample of employed, married adults aged 25 - 74 (n = 1,166) from the National Survey of Midlife in the United Stat ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Paternal Work Characteristics and Father-Infant Interactions in Low-Income, Rural Families.

Journal Article J Marriage Fam · August 1, 2008 To examine the implications of paternal occupational conditions for the quality of father-infant interactions, home visits, including interviews and videotaped observations of father-infant interactions, were conducted with 446 fathers living in six low-in ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

The O*Net Jobs Classification System: A Primer for Family Researchers.

Journal Article Fam Relat · October 2006 We introduce family researchers to the Occupational Information Network, or O*Net, an electronic database on the work characteristics of over 950 occupations. The paper here is a practical primer that covers data collection, selecting occupational characte ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite