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Marc A. Jeuland CV

Professor in the Sanford School of Public Policy
Sanford School of Public Policy
Box 90312, Durham, NC 27708
254 Rubenstein Hall, Box 90312, Durham, NC 27708
CV

Selected Publications


Socioeconomic impacts of solar home systems in rural Ethiopia

Journal Article Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews · March 1, 2024 Off grid solar electrification of remote, rural communities that are difficult to reach cost-effectively through grid extension is a core component of Ethiopia's energy access strategy. One emerging business model in such locations, which aims to maintain ... Full text Cite

Sustainability of large-scale commercial biogas plants in Nepal

Journal Article Journal of Cleaner Production · January 1, 2024 Interest in large-scale compressed biogas (CBG) and biogas for electricity generation is increasing due to these technologies’ potential for addressing dual energy and waste management challenges. However, sustainable operation of large-scale commercial bi ... Full text Cite

Barriers to off-grid energy development: Evidence from a comparative survey of private sector energy service providers in Eastern Africa

Journal Article Renewable Energy · November 1, 2023 In light of recent growth and falling costs of solar photovoltaic technology, this paper examines the barriers and opportunities facing off-grid development in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, four countries whose off-grid sectors vary in maturity. We ... Full text Cite

Releasing the killer from the kitchen? Ventilation and air pollution from biomass cooking

Journal Article Development Engineering · November 1, 2023 Household air pollution from biomass cooking is the most significant environmental health risk in the Global South. Interventions to address this risk mostly promote less-polluting stoves and clean fuels, but their diffusion has proven difficult. This pape ... Full text Cite

Association between fluoride exposure in drinking water and cognitive deficits in children: A pilot study.

Journal Article Neurotoxicology and teratology · November 2023 Fluoride (F) exposure in drinking water may lead to reduced cognitive function among children; however, findings largely remain inconclusive. In this pilot study, we examined associations between a range of chronic F exposures (low to high: 0.4 to 15.5 mg/ ... Full text Cite

Insights from a comparison of two hydrological modelling approaches in the Kwando (Cuando) River and the western tributaries of the Zambezi River basin

Journal Article Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies · August 1, 2023 Study Region: The Kwando (Cuando) River and the western headwaters of the Zambezi River, which are data-scarce basins of southern Africa. Study Focus: A comparative analysis of the performance of two fundamentally different hydrological modelling approache ... Full text Cite

Policy Note: Systems Thinking for More Holistic Analysis of Low-and Middle-Income Country Water Utility Problems and Solutions

Journal Article Water Economics and Policy · June 1, 2023 Globally, billions of people rely on piped water and sanitation services delivered by municipal water utilities, but many of these systems, particularly in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) are plagued by chronic problems of inequitable access, inter ... Full text Cite

A randomized trial of price subsidies for liquefied petroleum cooking gas among low-income households in rural India

Journal Article World Development Perspectives · June 1, 2023 The use of solid fuels for cooking is a major contributor to mortality, disease burden, and environmental harm in many countries. To tackle the problem, India expanded access to a cleaner and often subsidized alternative, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), but ... Full text Cite

Impact Evaluation of Water Infrastructure Investments: Methods, Challenges and Demonstration From a Large-Scale Urban Improvement in Jordan

Journal Article Water Resources Research · June 1, 2023 Impact evaluation (IE) of large infrastructure presents numerous challenges, and investments in urban piped water and sanitation are no exception. Here we present methods for more systematic assessment of the implications of such interventions, discussing ... Full text Cite

Selenium in drinking water and cereal grains, and biomarkers of Se status in urine and fingernails of the Main Ethiopian Rift Valley population.

Journal Article Journal of trace elements in medicine and biology : organ of the Society for Minerals and Trace Elements (GMS) · May 2023 BackgroundSelenium (Se) plays an important role in human health, yet Se overexposure or deficiency can lead to deleterious health effects. This study aims to determine the concentration of Se in drinking water and staple cereal grain (maize, wheat ... Full text Cite

Frameworks, methods and evidence connecting modern domestic energy services and gender empowerment

Journal Article Nature Energy · May 1, 2023 The world remains far from meeting Sustainable Development Goals 5 (gender equality) and 7 (universal access to modern energy). Energy access may empower women even as empowered women are more likely to adopt and use modern energy services. Such bidirectio ... Full text Cite

Household water savings and response to dynamic incentives under nonlinear pricing

Journal Article Journal of Environmental Economics and Management · May 1, 2023 We study the response of residential water demand to nonlinear prices by exploiting a natural experiment arising from a water pricing reform in a major Chinese city. The reform introduced an unconventional Increasing Block Tariff featuring prices set accor ... Full text Cite

A geospatial approach to understanding clean cooking challenges in sub-Saharan Africa

Journal Article Nature Sustainability · April 1, 2023 Universal clean cooking is a key target under Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7, with implications for several other SDGs, such as good health, gender equality and climate. Yet, 2.4 billion people globally still lack access to clean cooking. The situati ... Full text Cite

Gender empowerment and energy access: evidence from seven countries

Journal Article Environmental Research Letters · April 1, 2023 Gender equity is connected to modern energy services in many ways, but quantitative empirical work on these connections is limited. We examine the relationship between a multi-dimensional measure of women’s empowerment and access to improved cookstoves, cl ... Full text Cite

The causal effect of income on household energy transition: Evidence from old age pension eligibility in South Africa

Journal Article Energy Economics · March 1, 2023 Rising household income may affect energy technology choice and total fuel consumption, with significant implications for the environment and health. Yet the causal connection between income and fuel choice is difficult to pin down, given the endogeneity b ... Full text Cite

Current status, prospects, and implications of renewable energy for achieving sustainable development goals in Nepal

Journal Article Sustainable Development · February 1, 2023 The energy mix in Nepal is currently dominated by the traditional and inefficient use of biomass (66.54%) and fossil fuels (27.24%), and energy poverty remains extremely high. This paper reviews relevant literature to provide an overview of the current ren ... Full text Cite

Women who do not migrate: Intersectionality, social relations, and participation in Western Nepal

Journal Article World Development · January 1, 2023 Migration impacts left-behind populations, disrupting established norms of social interaction, participation, and inclusion. In western Nepal, labour migration is common among young men, with implications for household and community participation among tho ... Full text Cite

Effect of electricity price reform on households’ electricity consumption in urban Ethiopia

Journal Article Utilities Policy · December 1, 2022 Until recently, the price of electricity in Ethiopia was among the lowest in the world. Such low prices have contributed to a substantial financial deficit for the government-owned electric utility and led to a degradation in the quality of electricity ser ... Full text Cite

Air quality valuation using online surveys in three Asian megacities

Journal Article Resources, Environment and Sustainability · December 1, 2022 Due to worsening air quality across many cities in developing countries, there is an urgent need to consider more aggressive air pollution control measures. Valuation of the benefits of clean air is crucial for establishing the rationale for such policies, ... Full text Cite

Taxes and Subsidies and the Transition to Clean Cooking: A Review of Relevant Theoretical and Empirical Insights

Report · November 22, 2022 United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 7.1 sets a target of ensuring universal access to affordable, reliable, and modern energy services by 2030. Unfortunately, many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are well off course to meet this target, es ... Open Access Link to item Cite

Socioeconomic impacts of solar home systems in rural Ethiopia

Journal Article Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews · March 1, 2024 Off grid solar electrification of remote, rural communities that are difficult to reach cost-effectively through grid extension is a core component of Ethiopia's energy access strategy. One emerging business model in such locations, which aims to maintain ... Full text Cite

Sustainability of large-scale commercial biogas plants in Nepal

Journal Article Journal of Cleaner Production · January 1, 2024 Interest in large-scale compressed biogas (CBG) and biogas for electricity generation is increasing due to these technologies’ potential for addressing dual energy and waste management challenges. However, sustainable operation of large-scale commercial bi ... Full text Cite

Barriers to off-grid energy development: Evidence from a comparative survey of private sector energy service providers in Eastern Africa

Journal Article Renewable Energy · November 1, 2023 In light of recent growth and falling costs of solar photovoltaic technology, this paper examines the barriers and opportunities facing off-grid development in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, four countries whose off-grid sectors vary in maturity. We ... Full text Cite

Releasing the killer from the kitchen? Ventilation and air pollution from biomass cooking

Journal Article Development Engineering · November 1, 2023 Household air pollution from biomass cooking is the most significant environmental health risk in the Global South. Interventions to address this risk mostly promote less-polluting stoves and clean fuels, but their diffusion has proven difficult. This pape ... Full text Cite

Association between fluoride exposure in drinking water and cognitive deficits in children: A pilot study.

Journal Article Neurotoxicology and teratology · November 2023 Fluoride (F) exposure in drinking water may lead to reduced cognitive function among children; however, findings largely remain inconclusive. In this pilot study, we examined associations between a range of chronic F exposures (low to high: 0.4 to 15.5 mg/ ... Full text Cite

Insights from a comparison of two hydrological modelling approaches in the Kwando (Cuando) River and the western tributaries of the Zambezi River basin

Journal Article Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies · August 1, 2023 Study Region: The Kwando (Cuando) River and the western headwaters of the Zambezi River, which are data-scarce basins of southern Africa. Study Focus: A comparative analysis of the performance of two fundamentally different hydrological modelling approache ... Full text Cite

Policy Note: Systems Thinking for More Holistic Analysis of Low-and Middle-Income Country Water Utility Problems and Solutions

Journal Article Water Economics and Policy · June 1, 2023 Globally, billions of people rely on piped water and sanitation services delivered by municipal water utilities, but many of these systems, particularly in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) are plagued by chronic problems of inequitable access, inter ... Full text Cite

A randomized trial of price subsidies for liquefied petroleum cooking gas among low-income households in rural India

Journal Article World Development Perspectives · June 1, 2023 The use of solid fuels for cooking is a major contributor to mortality, disease burden, and environmental harm in many countries. To tackle the problem, India expanded access to a cleaner and often subsidized alternative, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), but ... Full text Cite

Impact Evaluation of Water Infrastructure Investments: Methods, Challenges and Demonstration From a Large-Scale Urban Improvement in Jordan

Journal Article Water Resources Research · June 1, 2023 Impact evaluation (IE) of large infrastructure presents numerous challenges, and investments in urban piped water and sanitation are no exception. Here we present methods for more systematic assessment of the implications of such interventions, discussing ... Full text Cite

Selenium in drinking water and cereal grains, and biomarkers of Se status in urine and fingernails of the Main Ethiopian Rift Valley population.

Journal Article Journal of trace elements in medicine and biology : organ of the Society for Minerals and Trace Elements (GMS) · May 2023 BackgroundSelenium (Se) plays an important role in human health, yet Se overexposure or deficiency can lead to deleterious health effects. This study aims to determine the concentration of Se in drinking water and staple cereal grain (maize, wheat ... Full text Cite

Frameworks, methods and evidence connecting modern domestic energy services and gender empowerment

Journal Article Nature Energy · May 1, 2023 The world remains far from meeting Sustainable Development Goals 5 (gender equality) and 7 (universal access to modern energy). Energy access may empower women even as empowered women are more likely to adopt and use modern energy services. Such bidirectio ... Full text Cite

Household water savings and response to dynamic incentives under nonlinear pricing

Journal Article Journal of Environmental Economics and Management · May 1, 2023 We study the response of residential water demand to nonlinear prices by exploiting a natural experiment arising from a water pricing reform in a major Chinese city. The reform introduced an unconventional Increasing Block Tariff featuring prices set accor ... Full text Cite

A geospatial approach to understanding clean cooking challenges in sub-Saharan Africa

Journal Article Nature Sustainability · April 1, 2023 Universal clean cooking is a key target under Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7, with implications for several other SDGs, such as good health, gender equality and climate. Yet, 2.4 billion people globally still lack access to clean cooking. The situati ... Full text Cite

Gender empowerment and energy access: evidence from seven countries

Journal Article Environmental Research Letters · April 1, 2023 Gender equity is connected to modern energy services in many ways, but quantitative empirical work on these connections is limited. We examine the relationship between a multi-dimensional measure of women’s empowerment and access to improved cookstoves, cl ... Full text Cite

The causal effect of income on household energy transition: Evidence from old age pension eligibility in South Africa

Journal Article Energy Economics · March 1, 2023 Rising household income may affect energy technology choice and total fuel consumption, with significant implications for the environment and health. Yet the causal connection between income and fuel choice is difficult to pin down, given the endogeneity b ... Full text Cite

Current status, prospects, and implications of renewable energy for achieving sustainable development goals in Nepal

Journal Article Sustainable Development · February 1, 2023 The energy mix in Nepal is currently dominated by the traditional and inefficient use of biomass (66.54%) and fossil fuels (27.24%), and energy poverty remains extremely high. This paper reviews relevant literature to provide an overview of the current ren ... Full text Cite

Women who do not migrate: Intersectionality, social relations, and participation in Western Nepal

Journal Article World Development · January 1, 2023 Migration impacts left-behind populations, disrupting established norms of social interaction, participation, and inclusion. In western Nepal, labour migration is common among young men, with implications for household and community participation among tho ... Full text Cite

Effect of electricity price reform on households’ electricity consumption in urban Ethiopia

Journal Article Utilities Policy · December 1, 2022 Until recently, the price of electricity in Ethiopia was among the lowest in the world. Such low prices have contributed to a substantial financial deficit for the government-owned electric utility and led to a degradation in the quality of electricity ser ... Full text Cite

Air quality valuation using online surveys in three Asian megacities

Journal Article Resources, Environment and Sustainability · December 1, 2022 Due to worsening air quality across many cities in developing countries, there is an urgent need to consider more aggressive air pollution control measures. Valuation of the benefits of clean air is crucial for establishing the rationale for such policies, ... Full text Cite

Taxes and Subsidies and the Transition to Clean Cooking: A Review of Relevant Theoretical and Empirical Insights

Report · November 22, 2022 United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 7.1 sets a target of ensuring universal access to affordable, reliable, and modern energy services by 2030. Unfortunately, many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are well off course to meet this target, es ... Open Access Link to item Cite

Pre-paid meters and household electricity use behaviors: Evidence from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Journal Article Energy Policy · November 1, 2022 In low-income countries such as Ethiopia, pre-paid metering is often argued to alleviate several challenges with traditional electricity billing systems, including high non-payment rate, pilferage and fraud, administrative and enforcement costs for utiliti ... Full text Cite

A review of impacts of electricity tariff reform in Africa

Journal Article Energy Policy · November 1, 2022 African power sectors are plagued with financial unsustainability, low rates of grid connection, and high consumer prices relative to other regions in the Global South. Reforms to electricity tariffs are a tool for decision makers to reduce costly energy s ... Full text Cite

Fuel stacking implications for willingness to pay for cooking fuels in peri-urban Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

Journal Article Energy for Sustainable Development · October 1, 2022 Overcoming cooking fuel “stacking” is a major challenge impeding transitions to clean cooking in low- and middle-income countries. Though clean fuels are increasingly available in these countries' urban centers, continued use of polluting technology reinfo ... Full text Cite

Climate Finance for Just Transitions: Building Low-Carbon Development Pathways in an Age of US-China Rivalry

Report · September 14, 2022 This paper investigates challenges throughout the international climate finance landscape and recommends pathways for how investments into low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) can more effectively drive low-carbon development. The paper focuses on thre ... Open Access Link to item Cite

Comment on ‘Egypt’s water budget deficit and suggested mitigation policies for the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam filling scenarios’

Journal Article Environmental Research Letters · August 1, 2022 In their recent paper in ERL, ‘Egypt’s water budget deficit and suggested mitigation policies for the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) filling scenarios,’ Heggy et al (2021 Environ. Res. Lett. 16 074022) paint an alarming picture of the water deficit ... Full text Cite

Improving Rural Livelihoods, Energy Access, and Resilience Where It’s Needed Most: The Case for Solar Mini-Grid Irrigation in Ethiopia

Report · July 18, 2022 Ethiopia’s levels of agricultural productivity and energy access are among the lowest in the world. Now Ethiopia is moving forward with the new Distributed Renewable Energy-Agriculture Modalities (DREAM) project to test distributed solar mini-grids as a so ... Open Access Link to item Cite

Dietary Exposures to Metals in Relation to Chronic Kidney Disease of Unknown Cause (CKDu) in Sri Lanka

Journal Article Exposure and Health · March 1, 2022 Exposure to metals has been hypothesized as possible cause of chronic kidney disease of unknown cause (CKDu) in Sri Lanka; however, evidence is inconclusive. We measured the concentrations of nephrotoxic metals (As, Pb, and Cd), as well as Se in rice (a st ... Full text Cite

Dried Blood Spot Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation Associated with Blood Pressure in Rural Senegalese Women with Incident Hypertension.

Journal Article Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland) · December 2021 Blood biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammation have been associated with increased risk of hypertension development; yet their application in sub-Saharan Africa has been limited due to the lack of blood collection facilities. In this study, we evalu ... Full text Cite

Do improved cookstoves save time and improve gender outcomes? Evidence from six developing countries

Journal Article Energy Economics · October 1, 2021 Three billion people around the world lack access to affordable and reliable clean cooking energy. The case for clean energy has largely been built around health and or environmental benefits, neglecting potentially sizeable benefit(s): when households hav ... Full text Cite

Households' valuation of power outages in major cities of Ethiopia: An application of stated preference methods

Journal Article Energy Economics · October 1, 2021 In many developing countries, electricity consumers experience frequent supply interruptions, leading to high coping costs and stifled investment, which contribute to energy poverty. In 2019, we implemented stated preference experiments to estimate househo ... Full text Cite

The more choice, the better? Evidence from experimental auctions in rural Senegal

Journal Article Economics Letters · September 1, 2021 Economists generally believe that more choice is beneficial, yet bigger choice sets can impose opportunity, error and cognitive costs that lower demand. We study this relationship in the context of rural energy use in low-income settings. We invited approx ... Full text Cite

COVID-19 Reveals Vulnerabilities of the Food-Energy-Water Nexus to Viral Pandemics

Journal Article Environmental Science and Technology Letters · August 10, 2021 Food, energy, and water (FEW) sectors are inextricably linked, making one sector vulnerable to disruptions in another. Interactions between FEW systems, viral pandemics, and human health have not been widely studied. We mined scientific and news/media arti ... Full text Cite

Awareness of coping costs and willingness to pay for urban drinking water service: Evidence from Lahore, Pakistan

Journal Article Utilities Policy · August 1, 2021 The global population is rapidly urbanizing, increasing pressure on scarce water resources. Lahore, Pakistan, is a case in point, with limited options for increasing water supply to meet booming demand. We ask whether households are willing to pay more cos ... Full text Cite

Efficient biomass cooking in Africa for climate change mitigation and development

Journal Article One Earth · June 18, 2021 Nearly three billion people continue to use woodfuels for their daily cooking. The global policy discourse increasingly emphasizes clean fuels, notably gas and electricity, but these are expensive, and their supply chains typically interrupted, especially ... Full text Cite

Water quality threats, perceptions of climate change and behavioral responses among farmers in the ethiopian rift valley

Journal Article Climate · June 1, 2021 This work aims to assess water quality for irrigated agriculture, alongside perceptions and adaptations of farmers to climate change in the Main Ethiopian Rift (MER). Climate change is expected to cause a rise in temperature and variability in rainfall in ... Full text Cite

Malondialdehyde in dried blood spots: a biomarker of systemic lipid peroxidation linked to cardiopulmonary symptoms and risk factors.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · June 2021 BackgroundThere are few oxidative biomarkers that can be used in resource-limited settings (e.g., rural Africa) where blood collection facilities are lacking. This study aims to evaluate the potential of malondialdehyde (MDA) in dried blood spots ... Full text Cite

Cooking-energy transition in Nepal: Trend review

Journal Article Clean Energy · March 1, 2021 Clean-cooking energy is key to meeting climate-mitigation goals and a range of development objectives, especially for improving the well-being of women and children. Inefficient burning of solid biomass for cooking releases household air pollution that is ... Full text Cite

The role of hydropower in visions of water resources development for rivers of Western Nepal

Journal Article International Journal of Water Resources Development · January 1, 2021 Water resources can play significant roles in development pathways for water-endowed, low-income countries like Nepal. This article describes three visions for water resource development in the Karnali and Mahakali Basins of Western Nepal: state-led develo ... Full text Cite

Is energy the golden thread? A systematic review of the impacts of modern and traditional energy use in low- and middle-income countries

Journal Article Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews · January 1, 2021 Energy has been called the “golden thread” that connects economic growth, social equity and environmental sustainability, but important knowledge gaps exist on the impacts of low- and middle-income country energy interventions and transitions. This study o ... Full text Cite

Water savings from urban infrastructure improvement and wastewater reuse: evidence from Jordan

Journal Article International Journal of Water Resources Development · January 1, 2021 Jordan is extremely water scarce, making careful water resources planning and management essential. This study considers the water-supply-enhancing effects of a significant urban investment, the Jordan Compact, that supports Jordan’s national objective of ... Full text Cite

The benefits of action to reduce household air pollution (BAR-HAP) model: A new decision support tool.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2021 Cooking with polluting and inefficient fuels and technologies is responsible for a large set of global harms, ranging from health and time losses among the billions of people who are energy poor, to environmental degradation at a regional and global scale. ... Full text Cite

Valuing Water Quality with Adaptation: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Jordan

Journal Article Water Economics and Policy · January 1, 2021 Though water scarcity threats are increasing in severity across many regions of the world, allocation often remains inefficient-as in Jordan, the site of this study. One commonly discussed solution for increasing resource availability in water-scarce regio ... Full text Cite

Do Decentralized Community Treatment Plants Provide Clean Water? Evidence from Rural Andhra Pradesh, India AMI

Journal Article Land Economics · January 1, 2021 Though there is little evidence on its effectiveness, a decentralized community water system (CWS), such as a market-based kiosk, is thought to be appropriate where piped services are infeasible or unreliable. We assess changes in household behaviors, wate ... Full text Cite

Benefits and costs of rural sanitation interventions in Ghana

Journal Article Journal of Water Sanitation and Hygiene for Development · December 1, 2020 Community-led total sanitation (CLTS) has triggered households around the world to adopt latrines, but evidence suggests that CLTS does not usually lead to universal latrine coverage. Additional interventions, such as subsidies for the poor, may be necessa ... Full text Cite

Understanding and managing new risks on the Nile with the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam.

Journal Article Nature communications · October 2020 When construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) is completed, the Nile will have two of the world's largest dams-the High Aswan Dam (HAD) and the GERD-in two different countries (Egypt and Ethiopia). There is not yet agreement on how these ... Full text Cite

Climate implications of electrification projects in the developing world: A systematic review

Journal Article Environmental Research Letters · October 1, 2020 Energy is crucial to household health and consumption needs, and for enabling productive uses that enhance development. Yet increasing energy use also affects climate change. While 'off-grid' renewable solutions offer the possibility of climate-sensitive d ... Full text Cite

Benefit-Cost Analysis of Community-Led Total Sanitation: Incorporating Results from Recent Evaluations

Journal Article Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis · September 1, 2020 We analyze the economic costs and benefits of community-led total sanitation (CLTS), a sanitation intervention that relies on community-level behavioral change, in a hypothetical rural region in sub-Saharan Africa with 200 villages and 100,000 people. The ... Full text Cite

Graphical models and the challenge of evidence-based practice in development and sustainability

Journal Article Environmental Modelling and Software · August 1, 2020 Governments and social benefit organizations are expected to consider evidence in decision-making. In development and sustainability, evidence spans disciplines and methodological traditions and is often inconclusive. Graphical models are widely promoted t ... Full text Cite

Adoption and impacts of improved biomass cookstoves in rural Rajasthan

Journal Article Energy for Sustainable Development · August 1, 2020 Biomass-burning improved cookstoves (ICS) are often seen as a promising intermediate technology solution along the path of household transition to cleaner cooking. This study reports on the results of an experimental evaluation of a carbon finance-enabled ... Full text Cite

Bone quality in fluoride-exposed populations: A novel application of the ultrasonic method

Journal Article Bone Reports · June 1, 2020 Background: Various studies, mostly with animals, have provided evidence of adverse impacts of fluoride (F-) on bone density, collagen and microstructure, yet its effects on overall bone quality (strength) has not been clearly or extensively characterized ... Full text Cite

Balancing intersectoral demands in basin-scale planning: The case of Nepal's western river basins

Journal Article Water Resources and Economics · April 1, 2020 Basin-wide planning requires tools and strategies that allow comparison of alternative pathways and priorities at relevant spatial and temporal scales. In this paper, we apply a hydroeconomic model–the Western Nepal Energy Water Model–that better accounts ... Full text Cite

Preferences and the effectiveness of behaviorchange interventions: Evidence from adoption of improved cookstoves in India

Journal Article Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists · March 1, 2020 Preference heterogeneity can influence behavior in economically significant ways, thereby influencing the effectiveness of environmental policies or interventions. We test this hypothesis in the context of efficient cooking technology in India. We use stat ... Full text Cite

The economics of dams

Journal Article Oxford Review of Economic Policy · March 1, 2020 Dams provide a host of benefits to societies, helping to balance variability in water availability with demand for multiple uses, allowing power generation, providing and enhancing recreation opportunities, and offering protection against damaging floods. ... Full text Cite

Evidence-based policy analysis? The strange case of the randomized controlled trials of community-led total sanitation

Journal Article Oxford Review of Economic Policy · March 1, 2020 Our purpose in this paper is to review the findings of 14 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of community-led total sanitation (CLTS) and recent rural sanitation interventions to assess their usefulness and implications for sanitation policy-making in low ... Full text Cite

Forecasts of mortality and economic losses from poor water and sanitation in sub-Saharan Africa.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2020 This paper presents country-level estimates of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)-related mortality and the economic losses associated with poor access to water and sanitation infrastructure in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) from 1990 to 2050. We examine the e ... Full text Cite

Whose river is it? An assessment of livelihood and cultural water flow requirements for the karnali basin

Journal Article Ecology and Society · January 1, 2020 The term “environmental flows” refers to a combination of features, including quantity, quality, and timing of water flows required to sustainably maintain a river’s health, balancing both ecological and societal needs. Incorporating basic human livelihood ... Full text Cite

Long-term impact of a community-led sanitation campaign in India, 2005-2016.

Journal Article Bulletin of the World Health Organization · August 2019 ObjectiveTo evaluate the long-term impact of a community-led total sanitation campaign in rural India.MethodsLocal organizations in Odisha state, India worked with researchers to evaluate a community-led total sanitation campaign, which a ... Full text Cite

Aligning evidence generation and use across health, development, and environment

Journal Article Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability · August 1, 2019 Although health, development, and environment challenges are interconnected, evidence remains fractured across sectors due to methodological and conceptual differences in research and practice. Aligned methods are needed to support Sustainable Development ... Full text Cite

Experimental evidence on promotion of electric and improved biomass cookstoves.

Journal Article Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America · July 2019 Improved cookstoves (ICS) can deliver "triple wins" by improving household health, local environments, and global climate. Yet their potential is in doubt because of low and slow diffusion, likely because of constraints imposed by differences in culture, g ... Full text Open Access Cite

The drivers of household drinking water choices in Singapore: Evidence from multivariable regression analysis of perceptions and household characteristics

Journal Article Science of the Total Environment · June 25, 2019 Using data collected from a large household survey in Singapore, from a population that mostly drinks tap water but where the majority of households also boil that water, we investigate the nature and determinants of perceptions of drinking water supplies, ... Full text Cite

Potential Implications of Groundwater Trading and Reformed Water Rights in Diamond Valley, Nevada

Journal Article Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management · June 1, 2019 This paper presents an ex ante analysis of a novel groundwater management reform being considered by irrigators in the Diamond Valley, Nevada. Groundwater extraction for irrigation in the valley has considerably exceeded the natural recharge rate since the ... Full text Cite

Research Agenda on Electricity Access and Productive Use

Report · April 4, 2019 On February 21, 2019, Duke University’s Energy Access Project and Oxfam cohosted a meeting of approximately 60 energy practitioners and researchers to discuss the role of electricity access in spurring productive use. A motivation for this convening was a ... Open Access Link to item Cite

The economic impacts of water information systems: A systematic review

Journal Article Water Resources and Economics · April 1, 2019 Information systems can yield economic value by providing data and analyses that are useful for improving water operations and planning. Working from a simple typology of water management domains that acknowledges the coupling of supply and demand, we char ... Full text Cite

Biomonitoring of metals and trace elements in urine of central Ethiopian populations.

Journal Article International journal of hygiene and environmental health · April 2019 Biomonitoring of chemical concentrations in humans is important for detecting, monitoring, and addressing a wide range of health threats. However, it is virtually absent across many African nations, including Ethiopia. This study aims to determine urinary ... Full text Cite

Valuing the Environmental Costs of Local Development: Evidence From Households in Western Nepal

Journal Article Ecological Economics · April 1, 2019 Environmental quality is rarely prioritized along the development pathways of developing countries, even though little is known about how individuals in these settings value intact environments. In 2017, we conducted a survey with a representative sample o ... Full text Cite

Factors Associated with Water Service Continuity for the Rural Populations of Bangladesh, Pakistan, Ethiopia, and Mozambique.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · April 2019 Access to continuous water supply is key for improving health and economic outcomes in rural areas of low- and middle-income countries, but the factors associated with continuous water access in these areas have not been well-characterized. We surveyed 478 ... Full text Cite

The need for policies to reduce the costs of cleaner cooking in low income settings: Implications from systematic analysis of costs and benefits

Journal Article Energy Policy · October 1, 2018 Inefficient household cooking in less-developed countries harms health and productivity, the environment, and the global climate. Interventions to encourage adoption of cleaner and more fuel-efficient stoves are being implemented widely to reduce these bur ... Full text Cite

Preferences for Attributes of Sacred Groves and Temples along an Urbanization Gradient in the National Capital Region of India

Journal Article Ecological Economics · October 1, 2018 In India, sacred groves have been considered the forested abodes of one or multiple deities and are often managed by communal governance systems. As land development has progressed, the population surrounding these and other green spaces has changed, and r ... Full text Cite

Communities coping with risks: Household water choice and environmental health in the Ethiopian Rift Valley

Journal Article Environmental Science and Policy · August 1, 2018 Resource-constrained households are often forced to make complex tradeoffs across multiple environmental health risks. In the Ethiopian Rift Valley, households face tradeoffs between relatively plentiful but fluoride-contaminated groundwater sources and se ... Full text Cite

NGOs and the effectiveness of interventions

Other WIDER Working Paper · May 31, 2018 Interventions in remote, rural settings face high transaction costs. We develop a model of household decision-making to evaluate how non-governmental organizations (NGOs) address these implementation-related challenges and influence intervention effectiven ... Open Access Link to item Cite

Access to Household Water Quality Information Leads to Safer Water: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial in india.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · May 2018 Household-specific feedback on the microbiological safety of drinking water may result in changes to water management practices that reduce exposure risks. We conducted a randomized, controlled trial in India to determine if information on household drinki ... Full text Cite

Comparing Contingent Valuation and Averting Expenditure Estimates of the Costs of Irregular Water Supply

Journal Article Ecological Economics · April 1, 2018 We compare two methods—contingent valuation and averting expenditures—to measure the demand for improved water reliability in urban Jordan. Traditionally, averting expenditures (a revealed preference measure) have been considered a lower bound for demand r ... Full text Cite

Access to environmental health assets across wealth strata: Evidence from 41 low- and middle-income countries.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2018 IntroductionLow levels of household access to basic environmental health assets (EHAs)-including technologies such as clean cookstoves and bed nets or infrastructure such as piped water and electricity-in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) a ... Full text Cite

Seeing, believing, and behaving: Heterogeneous effects of an information intervention on household water treatment

Journal Article Journal of Environmental Economics and Management · November 1, 2017 Providing information about environmental health risks only sometimes induces protective action. This raises questions about whether and how risk information is understood and acted upon, and how responses vary across contexts. To characterize such variati ... Full text Cite

Biomarkers of chronic fluoride exposure in groundwater in a highly exposed population.

Journal Article The Science of the total environment · October 2017 This study examined the relation between fluoride (F-) concentrations in fingernail clippings and urine and the prevalence and severity of enamel fluorosis (EF) among Ethiopian Rift Valley populations exposed to high levels of F- in d ... Full text Cite

Systematic review of water-economy modeling applications

Journal Article Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management · August 1, 2017 Increasing demand for water coupled with reduced water availability in many regions of the world is leading to growing water scarcity and calls for implementation of a range of technological, institutional, and economic solutions.Water-economy models (WEMs ... Full text Cite

Adoption and use of a semi-gasifier cooking and water heating stove and fuel intervention in the Tibetan Plateau, China

Journal Article Environmental Research Letters · June 29, 2017 Improved cookstoves and fuels, such as advanced gasifier stoves, carry the promise of improving health outcomes, preserving local environments, and reducing climate-forcing air pollutants. However, low adoption and use of these stoves in many settings has ... Full text Cite

Can economic incentives enhance adoption and use of a household energy technology? Evidence from a pilot study in Cambodia

Journal Article Environmental Research Letters · March 8, 2017 While much work has examined approaches to increase uptake of a variety of household environmental, health and energy technologies, researchers and policymakers alike have struggled to ensure long-term use. Drawing on a pilot-scale experiment conducted in ... Full text Open Access Cite

Infrastructure development and the economics of cooperation in the Eastern Nile

Journal Article Water International · February 17, 2017 This article employs a hydro-economic optimization model to analyze the effects of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam on the distribution and magnitude of benefits in the Eastern Nile. Scenarios are considered based on plausible institutional arrangements ... Full text Cite

The cost effectiveness of a quality improvement program to reduce maternal and fetal mortality in a regional referral hospital in Accra, Ghana.

Journal Article PLoS One · 2017 OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a quality improvement intervention aimed at reducing maternal and fetal mortality in Accra, Ghana. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental, time-sequence intervention, retrospective cost-effectiveness analysis. METHODS: ... Full text Link to item Cite

Benefits, Costs, and Distributional Impacts of a Groundwater Trading Program in the Diamond Valley, Nevada

Report · October 17, 2016 In Nevada’s Diamond Valley, unsustainable groundwater pumping has decreased the aquifer’s water level, raising irrigators’ pumping costs and threatening the viability of existing wells and springs. Continued extraction in excess of natural recharge will tr ... Open Access Link to item Cite

A matter of good taste: Investigating preferences for in-house water treatment in peri-urban communities in Cambodia

Journal Article Environment and Development Economics · June 1, 2016 Low demand for safe water may partly result from a perceived distaste towards or the inconvenience of treatment methods. This paper analyzes preferences for water quality improvements in peri-urban Phnom Penh. The authors first analyze data from a discrete ... Full text Cite

Does political uncertainty affect water resources development? The case of the Eastern Nile

Journal Article Policy and Society · June 1, 2016 In water resources, there is a long tradition of utilization of methods to address hydrological and economic uncertainty. Less frequently considered, however, is how uncertainty rooted in political factors such as power asymmetry, the strength of instituti ... Full text Cite

CKD of Uncertain Etiology: A Systematic Review.

Journal Article Clin J Am Soc Nephrol · March 7, 2016 BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Epidemics of CKD of uncertain etiology (CKDu) are emerging around the world. Highlighting common risk factors for CKD of uncertain etiology across various regions and populations may be important for health policy and public heal ... Full text Link to item Cite

How much do alternative cookstoves reduce biomass fuel use? Evidence from North India

Journal Article Resource and Energy Economics · February 1, 2016 Despite widespread global efforts to promote clean cookstoves to achieve improvements in air and forest quality, and to reduce global climate change, surprisingly little is known about the degree to which these actually reduce biomass fuel consumption in r ... Full text Cite

Optimizing irrigation efficiency improvements in the Aral Sea Basin

Journal Article Water Resources and Economics · January 1, 2016 Water scarcity driven by climate change, growing demand, and inefficient management of water and related infrastructure is a serious threat to livelihoods in the Aral Sea Basin (ASB) of Central Asia. In recent decades, downstream water shortages have becom ... Full text Cite

Social capital, trust, and adaptation to climate change: Evidence from rural Ethiopia

Journal Article Global Environmental Change · January 1, 2016 Climate change is expected to have particularly severe effects on poor agrarian populations. Rural households in developing countries adapt to the risks and impacts of climate change both individually and collectively. Empirical research has shown that acc ... Full text Cite

Review of hydro-economic models to address river basin management problems: Structure, applications and research gaps

Journal Article IWMI Research Report · January 1, 2016 Efficient use of water resources is gaining priority in global development policy debates due to the increasing demand for water from agriculture, industry, energy production and ecosystem services. This study systematically reviews the recent hydro-econom ... Full text Cite

Surface water resources

Chapter · January 1, 2016 Key messages • The Ganga is an incredibly important resource for over 600 million people living in South Asia, and delivers a wide variety of economic benefits across the riparian countries that include irrigation, domestic and industrial water supply, hyd ... Full text Cite

Climate change and the Ganges Basin

Chapter · January 1, 2016 Introduction The Ganges Basin and its downstream delta, covering an area of roughly 1.2 million km2 and home to more than 500 million people living in China, Nepal, India and Bangladesh, is the most populous river system in the world. People living in the ... Full text Cite

Preferences for improved cook stoves: Evidence from rural villages in north India

Journal Article Energy Economics · November 1, 2015 Because emissions from solid fuel burning in traditional stoves impact global climate change, the regional environment, and household health, there is today real interest in improved cook stoves (ICS). Nonetheless, surprisingly little is known about what h ... Full text Cite

The economics of household air pollution

Journal Article Annual Review of Resource Economics · October 5, 2015 Traditional energy technologies and consumer products contribute to household well-being in diverse ways but also often harm household air quality. We review the problem of household air pollution at a global scale, focusing particularly on the harmful eff ... Full text Cite

How would the Rogun Dam affect water and energy scarcity in Central Asia?

Journal Article Water International · September 19, 2015 The construction of the Rogun Dam in the Amu Darya Basin to increase upstream energy generation creates potential trade-offs with existing downstream irrigation, due to the different timing of energy and irrigation water demands. The present analysis, base ... Full text Cite

CMIP5 model simulations of Ethiopian Kiremt-season precipitation: current climate and future changes

Journal Article Climate Dynamics · July 2015 Kiremt-season (June–September) precipitation provides a significant water supply for Ethiopia, particularly in the central and northern regions. The response of Kiremt-season precipitation to climate change is thus of great concern to water resource manage ... Full text Open Access Cite

Nephrotoxic contaminants in drinking water and urine, and chronic kidney disease in rural Sri Lanka.

Journal Article The Science of the total environment · June 2015 Chronic kidney disease of unknown ("u") cause (CKDu) is a growing public health concern in Sri Lanka. Prior research has hypothesized a link with drinking water quality, but rigorous studies are lacking. This study assesses the relationship between nephrot ... Full text Cite

Challenges to wastewater reuse in the Middle East and North Africa

Journal Article Middle East Development Journal · January 2, 2015 Faced with increasing water scarcity, policy makers in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are increasingly interested in tapping non-conventional water resources, such as recycled wastewater, to meet demands for water. Yet despite its perceived advant ... Full text Cite

Piloting improved cookstoves in India.

Journal Article Journal of health communication · January 2015 Despite the potential of improved cookstoves to reduce the adverse environmental and health impacts of solid fuel use, their adoption and use remains low. Social marketing-with its focus on the marketing mix of promotion, product, price, and place-offers a ... Full text Cite

Demand assessment and valuation

Chapter · January 1, 2015 Introduction In economics, an individual’s demand is generally deemed to be equivalent to his/her willingness (and ability) to pay (WTP) for a specific unit of a good or service. The concept of demand is theoretically simple; in practice, however, measurin ... Full text Cite

Cost-benefit analysis and costeffectiveness analysis

Chapter · January 1, 2015 Introduction Cost-benefit analysis (CBA) and Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) are two specific methodologies that aim to provide guidance on how to best allocate scarce resources across potential interventions or investments (Petitti 1999, Boardman et al. ... Full text Cite

Fluoride exposure from groundwater as reflected by urinary fluoride and children's dental fluorosis in the Main Ethiopian Rift Valley.

Journal Article Sci Total Environ · October 15, 2014 This cross-sectional study explores the relationships between children's F(-) exposure from drinking groundwater and urinary F(-) concentrations, combined with dental fluorosis (DF) in the Main Ethiopian Rift (MER) Valley. We examined the DF prevalence and ... Full text Link to item Cite

The costs of uncoordinated infrastructure management in multi-reservoir river basins

Journal Article Environmental Research Letters · October 1, 2014 Featured Publication Though there are surprisingly few estimates of the economic benefits of coordinated infrastructure development and operations in international river basins, there is a widespread belief that improved cooperation is beneficial for managing water scarcity an ... Full text Cite

The effect of non-fluoride factors on risk of dental fluorosis: evidence from rural populations of the Main Ethiopian Rift.

Journal Article Sci Total Environ · August 1, 2014 Elevated level of fluoride (F(-)) in drinking water is a well-recognized risk factor of dental fluorosis (DF). While considering optimization of region-specific standards for F(-), it is reasonable, however, to consider how local diet, water sourcing pract ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Are hydropower and irrigation development complements or substitutes? The example of the Nam Ngum River in the Mekong Basin

Journal Article Water International · July 1, 2014 Hydropower and irrigation developments to address rising demand for food and energy are modifying the water balance of the Mekong Basin. Infrastructure investment decisions are also frequently made from a sub-catchment perspective. This paper compares rive ... Full text Cite

Why "improved" water sources are not always safe.

Journal Article Bulletin of the World Health Organization · April 2014 Featured Publication Existing and proposed metrics for household drinking-water services are intended to measure the availability, safety and accessibility of water sources. However, these attributes can be highly variable over time and space and this variation complicates the ... Full text Cite

Water quality risks of 'improved' water sources: evidence from Cambodia.

Journal Article Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH · February 2014 ObjectivesThe objective of this study was to investigate the quality of on-plot piped water and rainwater at the point of consumption in an area with rapidly expanding coverage of 'improved' water sources.MethodsCross-sectional study of 9 ... Full text Cite

How do people in rural India perceive improved stoves and clean fuel? Evidence from Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

Journal Article International journal of environmental research and public health · January 2014 Improved cook stoves (ICS) have been widely touted for their potential to deliver the triple benefits of improved household health and time savings, reduced deforestation and local environmental degradation, and reduced emissions of black carbon, a signifi ... Full text Cite

Water resources planning under climate change: Assessing the robustness of real options for the Blue Nile

Journal Article Water Resources Research · January 1, 2014 Featured Publication This article presents a methodology for planning new water resources infrastructure investments and operating strategies in a world of climate change uncertainty. It combines a real options (e.g., options to defer, expand, contract, abandon, switch use, or ... Full text Cite

The grand renaissance dam and prospects for cooperation on the eastern nile

Journal Article Water Policy · January 1, 2014 The escalation of tensions between Ethiopia and Egypt over the construction of the Grand Renaissance is at least partly based on a misunderstanding of the nature of the risks this dam poses to Egypt. There is a two-part, win-win deal that can defuse tensio ... Full text Cite

Interdependence in water resource development in the Ganges: An economic analysis

Journal Article Water Policy · October 17, 2013 It is often argued that the true benefits of water resource development in international river basins are undermined by a lack of consideration of interdependence in water resource planning. Yet it has not been adequately recognized in the water resources ... Full text Cite

Implications of climate change for water resources development in the Ganges basin

Journal Article Water Policy · October 17, 2013 This paper presents the first basin-wide assessment of the potential impact of climate change on the hydrology and production of the Ganges system, undertaken as part of the World Bank's Ganges Strategic Basin Assessment. A series of modeling efforts - dow ... Full text Cite

Ten fundamental questions for water resources development in the Ganges: Myths and realities

Journal Article Water Policy · October 17, 2013 This paper summarizes the results of the Ganges Strategic Basin Assessment (SBA), a 3-year, multi-disciplinary effort undertaken by a World Bank team in cooperation with several leading regional research institutions in South Asia. It begins to fill a cruc ... Full text Cite

Water quality perceptions and willingness to pay for clean water in peri-urban Cambodian communities.

Journal Article Journal of water and health · September 2013 This paper studies household demand for improved water quality in peri-urban Cambodia, with particular attention paid to the influence of water quality on willingness to pay (WTP). Utilizing data from 915 household surveys, we analyze responses to a contin ... Full text Cite

The long-term dynamics of mortality benefits from improved water and sanitation in less developed countries.

Journal Article PLoS One · 2013 Featured Publication The problem of inadequate access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in less-developed nations has received much attention over the last several decades (most recently in the Millennium Development Goals), largely because diseases associated with such ... Full text Link to item Cite

Groundwater quality and its health impact: An assessment of dental fluorosis in rural inhabitants of the Main Ethiopian Rift.

Journal Article Environ Int · August 2012 This study aims to assess the link between fluoride content in groundwater and its impact on dental health in rural communities of the Ethiopian Rift. A total of 148 water samples were collected from two drainage basins within the Main Ethiopian Rift (MER) ... Full text Link to item Cite

The effect of water quality testing on household behavior: evidence from an experiment in rural India.

Journal Article The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene · July 2012 How does specific information about contamination in a household's drinking water affect water handling behavior? We randomly split a sample of households in rural Andhra Pradesh, India. The treatment group observed a contamination test of the drinking wat ... Full text Cite

Giving Stated Preference Respondents "Time to Think": Results From Four Countries

Journal Article Environmental and Resource Economics · January 1, 2012 Previous studies have found that contingent valuation (CV) respondents who are given overnight to reflect on a CV scenario have 30-40% lower average willingness-to-pay (WTP) than respondents who are interviewed in a single session. This "time to think" (TT ... Full text Open Access Cite

Benefits and costs of improved cookstoves: assessing the implications of variability in health, forest and climate impacts.

Journal Article PLoS One · 2012 Featured Publication Current attention to improved cook stoves (ICS) focuses on the "triple benefits" they provide, in improved health and time savings for households, in preservation of forests and associated ecosystem services, and in reducing emissions that contribute to gl ... Full text Link to item Cite

Setting Priorities, Targeting Subsidies among Water, Sanitation, and Preventive Health Interventions in Developing Countries

Journal Article World Development · 2012 Featured Publication The paper challenges the conventional wisdom that water and sanitation improvements and other preventive health interventions are always a wise economic investment. Costs and benefits are presented for six water, sanitation, and health programs-handwashing ... Full text Cite

Myths and Realities of the Ganges River Basin

Journal Article Forthcoming (Water Policy Special Issue on Ganges) · 2012 Cite

Household responses to water quality testing in rural India: Evidence from a randomized experiment

Journal Article American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene · 2012 Featured Publication Cite

An Economic Optimization Model for Surface Water Use in the Ganges River Basin

Journal Article Forthcoming (Water Policy Special Issue on Ganges) · 2012 Cite

Economic implications of climate change for infrastructure planning in transboundary water systems: An example from the Blue Nile

Journal Article Water Resources Research · December 10, 2010 This research develops a hydroeconomic modeling framework for integrating climate change impacts into the problem of planning water resources infrastructure development. It then illustrates use of that framework in evaluation of two alternative sizes of a ... Full text Cite

Incorporating cholera vaccine herd protection into economic cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness models

Journal Article Procedia in Vaccinology · August 5, 2010 Ignoring the indirect effects of vaccination has led to two types of inaccuracies in cholera vaccine policy analysis in endemic settings. First, when herd protection is ignored, the social benefits and cost-effectiveness of vaccination programs are underes ... Full text Cite

Estimating the private benefits of vaccination against cholera in Beira, Mozambique: A travel cost approach

Journal Article Journal of Development Economics · March 1, 2010 This paper reports the results of the first study that estimates households' private demand for cholera vaccines using the travel cost method. We take advantage of an unusual natural experiment. In January 2004, more than 41,000 residents from various loca ... Full text Cite

Social discounting of large dams with climate change uncertainty

Journal Article Water Alternatives · January 1, 2010 It has long been known that the economic assessment of large projects is sensitive to assumptions about discounting future costs and benefits. Projects that require high upfront investments and take years to begin producing economic benefits can be difficu ... Open Access Cite

The challenge of improving water and sanitation services in less developed countries

Journal Article Foundations and Trends in Microeconomics · November 19, 2009 This paper argues that there are many challenges to designing and implementing water and sanitation interventions that actually deliver economic benefits to the households in developing countries. Perhaps most critical to successful water and sanitation in ... Full text Cite

Cost-effectiveness of new-generation oral cholera vaccines: a multisite analysis.

Journal Article Value in health : the journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research · September 2009 ObjectivesWe evaluated the cost-effectiveness of a low-cost cholera vaccine licensed and used in Vietnam, using recently collected data from four developing countries where cholera is endemic. Our analysis incorporated new findings on vaccine herd ... Full text Cite

A cost-benefit analysis of cholera vaccination programs in Beira, Mozambique

Journal Article World Bank Economic Review · August 12, 2009 Economic and epidemiological data collected in Beira, Mozambique, are used to conduct this first social cost-benefit analysis for cholera vaccination in Sub-Saharan Africa. The analysis compares the net economic benefits of three immunization strategies wi ... Full text Cite

Cost-benefit comparisons of investments in improved water supply and cholera vaccination programs.

Journal Article Vaccine · May 2009 This paper presents the first cost-benefit comparison of improved water supply investments and cholera vaccination programs. Specifically, we compare two water supply interventions -- deep wells with public hand pumps and biosand filters (an in-house, poin ... Full text Cite

Water and sanitation

Chapter · January 1, 2009 The 1980s were designated the International Water and Sanitation Decade, and the international community committed itself to ensuring that everyone in the world would have access to at least basic water and sanitation services by 1990. This target was not ... Full text Cite

The Challenge of Improving Water and Sanitation Services in Less Developed Countries

Journal Article Foundations and Trends in Microeconomics · 2009 Cite

Impact Assessment of Future Climate Change for the Blue Nile Basin, Using a RCM Nested in a GCM

Journal Article Nile Water Science and Engineering Magazine · 2009 Cite

Using private demand studies to calculate socially optimal vaccine subsidies in developing countries.

Journal Article Journal of policy analysis and management : [the journal of the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management] · January 2009 Although it is well known that vaccines against many infectious diseases confer positive economic externalities via indirect protection, analysts have typically ignored possible herd protection effects in policy analyses of vaccination programs. Despite a ... Full text Cite

Sustaining the benefits of rural water supply investments: Experience from Cochabamba and Chuquisaca, Bolivia

Journal Article Water Resources Research · December 1, 2008 Many rural water supply interventions in developing countries have been marked by a poor record of sustainability. Considerable progress has been made over the past several decades on the development of lower-cost technologies that are easier for communiti ... Full text Cite

The cost-effectiveness of typhoid Vi vaccination programs: calculations for four urban sites in four Asian countries.

Journal Article Vaccine · November 2008 The burden of typhoid fever remains high in impoverished settings, and increasing antibiotic resistance is making treatment costly. One strategy for reducing the typhoid morbidity and mortality is vaccination with the Vi polysaccharide vaccine. We use a we ... Full text Cite

Private demand for cholera vaccines in Beira, Mozambique.

Journal Article Vaccine · March 2007 In the summer of 2005, we interviewed 996 randomly selected respondents in Beira, Mozambique concerning their willingness and ability to pay for cholera vaccine for themselves and for other household members. Respondents were told that two doses of the vac ... Full text Cite

The Price of Purity: Willingness to pay for air and water purification technologies in Rajasthan, India

Journal Article Environmental and Resource Economics Diarrheal illnesses and acute respiratory infections are among the top causes for premature death and disability across the developing world, and adoption of various technologies for avoiding these illnesses remains extremely low. We exploit data from a un ... Full text Open Access Cite