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Olga Gennadyevna James

Associate Professor of Radiology
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine
Box 3949 Med Ctr, Durham, NC 27710
2301 Erwin Rd, Radiology, Nuclear Medicine, Box 3949, Durham, NC 27710

Selected Publications


Prognostic relevance of gait-related cognitive functions for dementia conversion in amnestic mild cognitive impairment.

Journal Article BMC Geriatr · July 31, 2023 BACKGROUND: Increasing research suggests that gait abnormalities can be a risk factor for Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Notably, there is growing evidence highlighting this risk factor in individuals with amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI), however furt ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prospective clinical trial of disulfiram plus copper in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.

Journal Article Prostate · May 2022 BACKGROUND: In preclinical models of prostate cancer (PC), disulfiram (DSF) reduced tumor growth only when co-administered with copper (Cu), and Cu uptake in tumors is partially regulated by androgen-receptor signaling. However, prior trials of DSF in PC u ... Full text Link to item Cite

Evaluating Alzheimer Disease With Flortaucipir and Florbetapir PET: A Clinical Case Series.

Journal Article Clin Nucl Med · July 1, 2021 Early, accurate diagnosis of Alzheimer disease (AD) is essential but remains challenging. Neuropathological hallmarks of AD are β-amyloid neuritic plaques and tau protein neurofibrillary tangles. 18F-Florbetapir is one of several available PET tracers for ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Higher CSF sTNFR1-related proteins associate with better prognosis in very early Alzheimer's disease.

Journal Article Nat Commun · June 28, 2021 Neuroinflammation is associated with Alzheimer's disease, but the application of cerebrospinal fluid measures of inflammatory proteins may be limited by overlapping pathways and relationships between them. In this work, we measure 15 cerebrospinal proteins ... Full text Link to item Cite

Multimodality cardiac imaging in the 21st century: evolution, advances and future opportunities for innovation.

Journal Article Br J Radiol · January 1, 2021 Cardiovascular imaging has significantly evolved since the turn of the century. Progress in the last two decades has been marked by advances in every modality used to image the heart, including echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance, cardiac CT and n ... Full text Link to item Cite

Hepatic Arterial Infusion Pumps: What the Radiologist Needs to Know.

Journal Article Radiographics · 2021 Hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) entails the surgical implantation of a subcutaneous pump to deliver chemotherapeutic agents directly to the liver in the setting of primary or secondary liver cancer. The purpose of HAI chemotherapy is to maximize hepatic dr ... Full text Link to item Cite

The prognostic value of diastolic and systolic mechanical left ventricular dyssynchrony among patients with coronary artery disease and heart failure.

Journal Article J Nucl Cardiol · October 2020 BACKGROUND: Prevalence and prognostic value of diastolic and systolic dyssynchrony in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) + heart failure (HF) or CAD alone are not well understood. METHODS: We included patients with gated single-photon emission com ... Full text Link to item Cite

Lymphatic Imaging: Current Noninvasive and Invasive Techniques.

Journal Article Semin Intervent Radiol · August 2020 After nearly disappearing, invasive lymphangiography not only has resurged, but new approaches have been developed to guide lymphatic interventions. At the same time, noninvasive lymphatic imaging is playing a larger role in the evaluation of lymphatic pat ... Full text Link to item Cite

Phase 2 Study of Dose-Reduced Consolidation Radiation Therapy in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma.

Journal Article Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys · September 1, 2019 PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of reducing the dose of consolidation radiation therapy (RT) in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This phase 2 study enrolled patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified and ... Full text Link to item Cite

The Prognostic Value of Diastolic and Systolic Mechanical Left Ventricular Dyssynchrony Among Patients With Coronary Heart Disease.

Conference JACC Cardiovasc Imaging · July 2019 OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to examine whether diastolic dyssynchrony, measured by using gated single-photon emission computed tomography (GSPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), is independentl ... Full text Link to item Cite

Uncovering the heterogeneity and temporal complexity of neurodegenerative diseases with Subtype and Stage Inference.

Journal Article Nat Commun · October 15, 2018 The heterogeneity of neurodegenerative diseases is a key confound to disease understanding and treatment development, as study cohorts typically include multiple phenotypes on distinct disease trajectories. Here we introduce a machine-learning technique-Su ... Full text Link to item Cite

18F-florbetapir Positron Emission Tomography-determined Cerebral β-Amyloid Deposition and Neurocognitive Performance after Cardiac Surgery.

Journal Article Anesthesiology · April 2018 BackgroundAmyloid deposition is a potential contributor to postoperative cognitive dysfunction. The authors hypothesized that 6-week global cortical amyloid burden, determined by F-florbetapir positron emission tomography, would be greater in thos ... Full text Cite

Comparison of Bayesian penalized likelihood reconstruction versus OS-EM for characterization of small pulmonary nodules in oncologic PET/CT.

Journal Article Ann Nucl Med · October 2017 OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the recently introduced Bayesian penalized likelihood PET reconstruction (Q.Clear) increases the visual conspicuity and SUVmax of small pulmonary nodules near the PET resolution limit, relative to ordered subset expectation ... Full text Link to item Cite

Patient and tumor characteristics predictive of an elevated hepatopulmonary shunt fraction before radioembolization of hepatic tumors.

Journal Article Nucl Med Commun · September 2016 OBJECTIVE: To determine whether any patient or hepatic tumor characteristics are predictive of hepatopulmonary shunt fraction when performed before radioembolization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 190 patients who underwent ... Full text Link to item Cite

Early role of vascular dysregulation on late-onset Alzheimer's disease based on multifactorial data-driven analysis.

Journal Article Nat Commun · June 21, 2016 Multifactorial mechanisms underlying late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) are poorly characterized from an integrative perspective. Here spatiotemporal alterations in brain amyloid-β deposition, metabolism, vascular, functional activity at rest, structura ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association Between Anticholinergic Medication Use and Cognition, Brain Metabolism, and Brain Atrophy in Cognitively Normal Older Adults.

Journal Article JAMA Neurol · June 1, 2016 IMPORTANCE: The use of anticholinergic (AC) medication is linked to cognitive impairment and an increased risk of dementia. To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the association between AC medication use and neuroimaging biomarkers of br ... Full text Link to item Cite

Ferritin levels in the cerebrospinal fluid predict Alzheimer's disease outcomes and are regulated by APOE.

Journal Article Nat Commun · May 19, 2015 Brain iron elevation is implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis, but the impact of iron on disease outcomes has not been previously explored in a longitudinal study. Ferritin is the major iron storage protein of the body; by using cerebrospinal ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prognostic relevance of gait-related cognitive functions for dementia conversion in amnestic mild cognitive impairment.

Journal Article BMC Geriatr · July 31, 2023 BACKGROUND: Increasing research suggests that gait abnormalities can be a risk factor for Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Notably, there is growing evidence highlighting this risk factor in individuals with amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI), however furt ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prospective clinical trial of disulfiram plus copper in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.

Journal Article Prostate · May 2022 BACKGROUND: In preclinical models of prostate cancer (PC), disulfiram (DSF) reduced tumor growth only when co-administered with copper (Cu), and Cu uptake in tumors is partially regulated by androgen-receptor signaling. However, prior trials of DSF in PC u ... Full text Link to item Cite

Evaluating Alzheimer Disease With Flortaucipir and Florbetapir PET: A Clinical Case Series.

Journal Article Clin Nucl Med · July 1, 2021 Early, accurate diagnosis of Alzheimer disease (AD) is essential but remains challenging. Neuropathological hallmarks of AD are β-amyloid neuritic plaques and tau protein neurofibrillary tangles. 18F-Florbetapir is one of several available PET tracers for ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Higher CSF sTNFR1-related proteins associate with better prognosis in very early Alzheimer's disease.

Journal Article Nat Commun · June 28, 2021 Neuroinflammation is associated with Alzheimer's disease, but the application of cerebrospinal fluid measures of inflammatory proteins may be limited by overlapping pathways and relationships between them. In this work, we measure 15 cerebrospinal proteins ... Full text Link to item Cite

Multimodality cardiac imaging in the 21st century: evolution, advances and future opportunities for innovation.

Journal Article Br J Radiol · January 1, 2021 Cardiovascular imaging has significantly evolved since the turn of the century. Progress in the last two decades has been marked by advances in every modality used to image the heart, including echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance, cardiac CT and n ... Full text Link to item Cite

Hepatic Arterial Infusion Pumps: What the Radiologist Needs to Know.

Journal Article Radiographics · 2021 Hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) entails the surgical implantation of a subcutaneous pump to deliver chemotherapeutic agents directly to the liver in the setting of primary or secondary liver cancer. The purpose of HAI chemotherapy is to maximize hepatic dr ... Full text Link to item Cite

The prognostic value of diastolic and systolic mechanical left ventricular dyssynchrony among patients with coronary artery disease and heart failure.

Journal Article J Nucl Cardiol · October 2020 BACKGROUND: Prevalence and prognostic value of diastolic and systolic dyssynchrony in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) + heart failure (HF) or CAD alone are not well understood. METHODS: We included patients with gated single-photon emission com ... Full text Link to item Cite

Lymphatic Imaging: Current Noninvasive and Invasive Techniques.

Journal Article Semin Intervent Radiol · August 2020 After nearly disappearing, invasive lymphangiography not only has resurged, but new approaches have been developed to guide lymphatic interventions. At the same time, noninvasive lymphatic imaging is playing a larger role in the evaluation of lymphatic pat ... Full text Link to item Cite

Phase 2 Study of Dose-Reduced Consolidation Radiation Therapy in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma.

Journal Article Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys · September 1, 2019 PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of reducing the dose of consolidation radiation therapy (RT) in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This phase 2 study enrolled patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified and ... Full text Link to item Cite

The Prognostic Value of Diastolic and Systolic Mechanical Left Ventricular Dyssynchrony Among Patients With Coronary Heart Disease.

Conference JACC Cardiovasc Imaging · July 2019 OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to examine whether diastolic dyssynchrony, measured by using gated single-photon emission computed tomography (GSPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), is independentl ... Full text Link to item Cite

Uncovering the heterogeneity and temporal complexity of neurodegenerative diseases with Subtype and Stage Inference.

Journal Article Nat Commun · October 15, 2018 The heterogeneity of neurodegenerative diseases is a key confound to disease understanding and treatment development, as study cohorts typically include multiple phenotypes on distinct disease trajectories. Here we introduce a machine-learning technique-Su ... Full text Link to item Cite

18F-florbetapir Positron Emission Tomography-determined Cerebral β-Amyloid Deposition and Neurocognitive Performance after Cardiac Surgery.

Journal Article Anesthesiology · April 2018 BackgroundAmyloid deposition is a potential contributor to postoperative cognitive dysfunction. The authors hypothesized that 6-week global cortical amyloid burden, determined by F-florbetapir positron emission tomography, would be greater in thos ... Full text Cite

Comparison of Bayesian penalized likelihood reconstruction versus OS-EM for characterization of small pulmonary nodules in oncologic PET/CT.

Journal Article Ann Nucl Med · October 2017 OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the recently introduced Bayesian penalized likelihood PET reconstruction (Q.Clear) increases the visual conspicuity and SUVmax of small pulmonary nodules near the PET resolution limit, relative to ordered subset expectation ... Full text Link to item Cite

Patient and tumor characteristics predictive of an elevated hepatopulmonary shunt fraction before radioembolization of hepatic tumors.

Journal Article Nucl Med Commun · September 2016 OBJECTIVE: To determine whether any patient or hepatic tumor characteristics are predictive of hepatopulmonary shunt fraction when performed before radioembolization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 190 patients who underwent ... Full text Link to item Cite

Early role of vascular dysregulation on late-onset Alzheimer's disease based on multifactorial data-driven analysis.

Journal Article Nat Commun · June 21, 2016 Multifactorial mechanisms underlying late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) are poorly characterized from an integrative perspective. Here spatiotemporal alterations in brain amyloid-β deposition, metabolism, vascular, functional activity at rest, structura ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association Between Anticholinergic Medication Use and Cognition, Brain Metabolism, and Brain Atrophy in Cognitively Normal Older Adults.

Journal Article JAMA Neurol · June 1, 2016 IMPORTANCE: The use of anticholinergic (AC) medication is linked to cognitive impairment and an increased risk of dementia. To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the association between AC medication use and neuroimaging biomarkers of br ... Full text Link to item Cite

Ferritin levels in the cerebrospinal fluid predict Alzheimer's disease outcomes and are regulated by APOE.

Journal Article Nat Commun · May 19, 2015 Brain iron elevation is implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis, but the impact of iron on disease outcomes has not been previously explored in a longitudinal study. Ferritin is the major iron storage protein of the body; by using cerebrospinal ... Full text Link to item Cite

Ivory vertebra on 18F-sodium fluoride scan: an old sign in a new modality.

Journal Article Clin Nucl Med · November 2014 We report a case of ivory vertebra on 18F-sodium fluoride. A prostate cancer patient had a 18F-sodium fluoride PET scan to evaluate overall spread of disease. In addition to other findings of metastatic disease, the patient had an ivory vertebra. ... Full text Link to item Cite

Two-day lymphoscintigraphic imaging for melanoma.

Journal Article Nucl Med Commun · August 2014 OBJECTIVES: Sentinel lymph node mapping has a long history of successful use in the staging and management of cutaneous melanoma. Most practitioners inject the primary site with radiocolloid the evening before or on the day of lymphoscintigraphy. We have f ... Full text Link to item Cite

Phase-1 clinical trial results of high-specific-activity carrier-free 123I-iobenguane.

Journal Article J Nucl Med · May 2014 UNLABELLED: A first-in-human phase 1 clinical study was performed on 12 healthy adults with a high-specific-activity carrier-free formulation of (123)I-iobenguane. Clinical data are presented on the behavior of this receptor-targeting imaging agent. METHOD ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cortical β-amyloid levels and neurocognitive performance after cardiac surgery.

Journal Article BMJ open · September 2013 IntroductionNeurological and neurocognitive dysfunction occurs frequently in the large number of increasingly elderly patients undergoing cardiac surgery every year. Perioperative cognitive deficits have been shown to persist after discharge and u ... Full text Open Access Cite

Prevalence of regional myocardial thinning and relationship with myocardial scarring in patients with coronary artery disease.

Journal Article JAMA · March 6, 2013 IMPORTANCE: Regional left ventricular (LV) wall thinning is believed to represent chronic transmural myocardial infarction and scar tissue. However, recent case reports using delayed-enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging raise the pos ... Full text Link to item Cite

Utility of FDG PET/CT in inflammatory cardiovascular disease.

Journal Article Radiographics · 2011 Inflammatory disorders of the cardiovascular system can affect the myocardium, pericardium, or vessel walls. Patients with myocardial and pericardial disease may present with chest pain, palpitations, and shortness of breath, symptoms resembling myocardial ... Full text Link to item Cite

Radioiodinated MIBG in paraganglioma and pheochromocytoma: previous results and early experiences using no-carrier-added MIBG

Journal Article Nuclear Medicine and Biology · August 1, 2008 The majority of pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas are benign, with malignancy occurring in approximately 10% of pheochromocytoma patients. The malignancy rate among paragangliomas is 15-35% or higher if associated with succinate dehydrogenase B gene mut ... Full text Cite

Detection of left ventricular thrombus by delayed-enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance prevalence and markers in patients with systolic dysfunction.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · July 8, 2008 OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the prevalence and markers of left ventricular (LV) thrombus among patients with systolic dysfunction. BACKGROUND: Prior studies have yielded discordant findings regarding prevalence and markers of LV thrombus. Delay ... Full text Link to item Cite