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Timothy Joseph McMahon

Professor of Medicine
Medicine, Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine
DUMC 2650, 203 Research Drive, Durham, NC 27710
MSRB1, Rm 275, DUMC 2650, 203 Research Drive, Durham, NC 27710

Overview


The McMahon Lab at Duke University and Durham VA Medical Center is investigating novel roles of the red blood cell (RBC) in the circulation. The regulated release of the vasodilator SNO (a form of NO, nitric oxide) by RBCs within the respiratory cycle in mammals optimizes nutrient delivery at multiple levels, especially in the lung (gas exchange) and the peripheral microcirculation (O2 transport to tissues). Deficiency of RBC SNO bioactivity (as in human RBCs banked for transfusion), for example, appears to contribute to the serious lung and circulatory problems associated with RBC transfusion in some settings. We have also demonstrated benefit in the use of treatments that exploit RBCs as a vehicle for delivery of SNOs, in both human patients and in model animals.

RBCs also release ATP in response to stimuli including deformation and hypoxia, and the exported ATP also participates in the maintenance of a healthy circulation, according to mechanisms that we are now unraveling.

We use basic and translational approaches to understand the molecular mechanisms by which these RBC-derived signals effect circulatory changes in human health and disease, particularly in the lung. Disease states driving this research include acute and chronic lung diseases such as sepsis (severe infection, such as COVID-19), transfusion-related respiratory problems, sickle cell disease, and pulmonary hypertension of adults and newborns.

Funding: VA and NIH.

Current Appointments & Affiliations


Professor of Medicine · 2021 - Present Medicine, Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Medicine

Education, Training & Certifications


Tulane University · 1993 M.D.
Tulane University · 1992 Ph.D.