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The global burden of conduct disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in 2010.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Erskine, HE; Ferrari, AJ; Polanczyk, GV; Moffitt, TE; Murray, CJL; Vos, T; Whiteford, HA; Scott, JG
Published in: Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
April 2014

The Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010) is the first to include conduct disorder (CD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) for burden quantification.A previous systematic review pooled the available epidemiological data for CD and ADHD, and predicted prevalence by country, region, age and sex for each disorder. Prevalence was then multiplied by a disability weight to calculate years lived with disability (YLDs). As no evidence of deaths resulting directly from either CD or ADHD was found, no years of life lost (YLLs) were calculated. Therefore, the number of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) was equal to that of YLDs.Globally, CD was responsible for 5.75 million YLDs/DALYs with ADHD responsible for a further 491,500. Collectively, CD and ADHD accounted for 0.80% of total global YLDs and 0.25% of total global DALYs. In terms of global DALYs, CD was the 72nd leading contributor and among the 15 leading causes in children aged 5-19 years. Between 1990 and 2010, global DALYs attributable to CD and ADHD remained stable after accounting for population growth and ageing.The global burden of CD and ADHD is significant, particularly in male children. Appropriate allocation of resources to address the high morbidity associated with CD and ADHD is necessary to reduce global burden. However, burden estimation was limited by data lacking for all four epidemiological parameters and by methodological challenges in quantifying disability. Future studies need to address these limitations in order to increase the accuracy of burden quantification.

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Published In

Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines

DOI

EISSN

1469-7610

ISSN

0021-9630

Publication Date

April 2014

Volume

55

Issue

4

Start / End Page

328 / 336

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Sex Factors
  • Quality-Adjusted Life Years
  • Prevalence
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Global Health
  • Female
  • Developmental & Child Psychology
  • Cost of Illness
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Erskine, H. E., Ferrari, A. J., Polanczyk, G. V., Moffitt, T. E., Murray, C. J. L., Vos, T., … Scott, J. G. (2014). The global burden of conduct disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in 2010. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 55(4), 328–336. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.12186
Erskine, Holly E., Alize J. Ferrari, Guilherme V. Polanczyk, Terrie E. Moffitt, Christopher J. L. Murray, Theo Vos, Harvey A. Whiteford, and James G. Scott. “The global burden of conduct disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in 2010.Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines 55, no. 4 (April 2014): 328–36. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.12186.
Erskine HE, Ferrari AJ, Polanczyk GV, Moffitt TE, Murray CJL, Vos T, et al. The global burden of conduct disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in 2010. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines. 2014 Apr;55(4):328–36.
Erskine, Holly E., et al. “The global burden of conduct disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in 2010.Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, vol. 55, no. 4, Apr. 2014, pp. 328–36. Epmc, doi:10.1111/jcpp.12186.
Erskine HE, Ferrari AJ, Polanczyk GV, Moffitt TE, Murray CJL, Vos T, Whiteford HA, Scott JG. The global burden of conduct disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in 2010. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines. 2014 Apr;55(4):328–336.
Journal cover image

Published In

Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines

DOI

EISSN

1469-7610

ISSN

0021-9630

Publication Date

April 2014

Volume

55

Issue

4

Start / End Page

328 / 336

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Sex Factors
  • Quality-Adjusted Life Years
  • Prevalence
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Global Health
  • Female
  • Developmental & Child Psychology
  • Cost of Illness