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Stress, Lifestyle, and Quality of Life in Midlife and Older Australian Women: Results From the Stress and the Health of Women Study

Publication ,  Journal Article
Seib, C; Whiteside, E; Lee, K; Humphreys, J; Dao Tran, TH; Chopin, L; Anderson, D
Published in: Women's Health Issues
2014

Background: Chronic psychological stress may pose a serious threat to health, although the mechanisms are not fully understood. This study examines the impact of stress on modifiable lifestyle factors, depressive symptoms, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and chronic illness in older Australian women. Methods: Cross-sectional data were collected from a random sample of 181 older adults aged 60 to 70years from rural and urban areas of South-East Queensland, Australia. We used structural equation modelling to examine associations between stress, modifiable lifestyle factors, HRQOL, and chronic illness. Findings: Parameter estimates show that older women who reported life stressors where they felt helpless and feared for their life (high-magnitude stressors) also reported higher body mass index (p=.03) and more chronic illness (p<.01). In contrast, duration of exposure to life stressors was associated with higher depressive symptom scores (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale; p=.02) and sleep disturbance scores (p<.01). Conclusions: Our findings support the link between traumatic personal histories (exposure to high-magnitude stressors) and unhealthy lifestyle factors. Findings highlight the need for more research on how stress reduction, a healthy lifestyle, and positive coping strategies can be used to reduce the effects of high-magnitude stress on HRQOL and chronic illness. © 2014 Jacobs Institute of Women's Health.

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Published In

Women's Health Issues

DOI

ISSN

1049-3867

Publication Date

2014

Volume

24

Issue

1

Start / End Page

e43 / e52

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Stress, Psychological
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Rural Population
  • Regression Analysis
  • Quality of Life
  • Public Health
  • Middle Aged
  • Mental Health
  • Life Style
 

Citation

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Seib, C., Whiteside, E., Lee, K., Humphreys, J., Dao Tran, T. H., Chopin, L., & Anderson, D. (2014). Stress, Lifestyle, and Quality of Life in Midlife and Older Australian Women: Results From the Stress and the Health of Women Study. Women’s Health Issues, 24(1), e43–e52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.whi.2013.11.004
Seib, C., E. Whiteside, K. Lee, J. Humphreys, T. H. Dao Tran, L. Chopin, and D. Anderson. “Stress, Lifestyle, and Quality of Life in Midlife and Older Australian Women: Results From the Stress and the Health of Women Study.” Women’s Health Issues 24, no. 1 (2014): e43–52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.whi.2013.11.004.
Seib C, Whiteside E, Lee K, Humphreys J, Dao Tran TH, Chopin L, et al. Stress, Lifestyle, and Quality of Life in Midlife and Older Australian Women: Results From the Stress and the Health of Women Study. Women’s Health Issues. 2014;24(1):e43–52.
Seib, C., et al. “Stress, Lifestyle, and Quality of Life in Midlife and Older Australian Women: Results From the Stress and the Health of Women Study.” Women’s Health Issues, vol. 24, no. 1, 2014, pp. e43–52. Manual, doi:10.1016/j.whi.2013.11.004.
Seib C, Whiteside E, Lee K, Humphreys J, Dao Tran TH, Chopin L, Anderson D. Stress, Lifestyle, and Quality of Life in Midlife and Older Australian Women: Results From the Stress and the Health of Women Study. Women’s Health Issues. 2014;24(1):e43–e52.
Journal cover image

Published In

Women's Health Issues

DOI

ISSN

1049-3867

Publication Date

2014

Volume

24

Issue

1

Start / End Page

e43 / e52

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Stress, Psychological
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Rural Population
  • Regression Analysis
  • Quality of Life
  • Public Health
  • Middle Aged
  • Mental Health
  • Life Style