Skip to main content
construction release_alert
Scholars@Duke will be undergoing maintenance April 11-15. Some features may be unavailable during this time.
cancel
Journal cover image

The Role of Self-Control and Early Adolescents' Friendships in the Development of Externalizing Behavior: The SNARE Study.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Franken, A; Moffitt, TE; Steglich, CEG; Dijkstra, JK; Harakeh, Z; Vollebergh, WAM
Published in: Journal of youth and adolescence
September 2016

This social network study investigated the moderating role of self-control in the association between friendship and the development of externalizing behavior: Antisocial behavior, alcohol use, tobacco use. Previous studies have shown inconsistent findings, and did not control for possible friendship network or selection effects. We tested two complementary hypotheses: (1) That early-adolescents with low self-control develop externalizing behavior regardless of their friends' behavior, or (2) as a result of being influenced by their friends' externalizing behavior to a greater extent. Hypotheses were investigated using data from the SNARE (Social Network Analysis of Risk behavior in Early adolescence) study (N = 1144, 50 % boys, M age 12.7, SD = 0.47). We controlled for selection effects and the network structure, using a data-analysis package called SIENA. The main findings indicate that personal low self-control and friends' externalizing behaviors both predict early adolescents' increasing externalizing behaviors, but they do so independently. Therefore, interventions should focus on all early adolescents' with a lower self-control, rather than focus on those adolescents with a lower self-control who also have friends who engage in externalizing behavior.

Duke Scholars

Altmetric Attention Stats
Dimensions Citation Stats

Published In

Journal of youth and adolescence

DOI

EISSN

1573-6601

ISSN

0047-2891

Publication Date

September 2016

Volume

45

Issue

9

Start / End Page

1800 / 1811

Related Subject Headings

  • Social Facilitation
  • Smoking
  • Self-Control
  • Risk-Taking
  • Risk Factors
  • Psychology, Adolescent
  • Male
  • Internal-External Control
  • Humans
  • Female
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Franken, A., Moffitt, T. E., Steglich, C. E. G., Dijkstra, J. K., Harakeh, Z., & Vollebergh, W. A. M. (2016). The Role of Self-Control and Early Adolescents' Friendships in the Development of Externalizing Behavior: The SNARE Study. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45(9), 1800–1811. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-015-0287-z
Franken, Aart, Terrie E. Moffitt, Christian E. G. Steglich, Jan Kornelis Dijkstra, Zeena Harakeh, and Wilma A. M. Vollebergh. “The Role of Self-Control and Early Adolescents' Friendships in the Development of Externalizing Behavior: The SNARE Study.Journal of Youth and Adolescence 45, no. 9 (September 2016): 1800–1811. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-015-0287-z.
Franken A, Moffitt TE, Steglich CEG, Dijkstra JK, Harakeh Z, Vollebergh WAM. The Role of Self-Control and Early Adolescents' Friendships in the Development of Externalizing Behavior: The SNARE Study. Journal of youth and adolescence. 2016 Sep;45(9):1800–11.
Franken, Aart, et al. “The Role of Self-Control and Early Adolescents' Friendships in the Development of Externalizing Behavior: The SNARE Study.Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 45, no. 9, Sept. 2016, pp. 1800–11. Epmc, doi:10.1007/s10964-015-0287-z.
Franken A, Moffitt TE, Steglich CEG, Dijkstra JK, Harakeh Z, Vollebergh WAM. The Role of Self-Control and Early Adolescents' Friendships in the Development of Externalizing Behavior: The SNARE Study. Journal of youth and adolescence. 2016 Sep;45(9):1800–1811.
Journal cover image

Published In

Journal of youth and adolescence

DOI

EISSN

1573-6601

ISSN

0047-2891

Publication Date

September 2016

Volume

45

Issue

9

Start / End Page

1800 / 1811

Related Subject Headings

  • Social Facilitation
  • Smoking
  • Self-Control
  • Risk-Taking
  • Risk Factors
  • Psychology, Adolescent
  • Male
  • Internal-External Control
  • Humans
  • Female