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Mindfulness training for smokers via web-based video instruction with phone support: a prospective observational study.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Davis, JM; Manley, AR; Goldberg, SB; Stankevitz, KA; Smith, SS
Published in: BMC Complement Altern Med
March 29, 2015

BACKGROUND: Many smokers are unable to access effective behavioral smoking cessation therapies due to location, financial limitations, schedule, transportation issues or other reasons. We report results from a prospective observational study in which a promising novel behavioral intervention, Mindfulness Training for Smokers was provided via web-based video instruction with telephone-based counseling support. METHODS: Data were collected on 26 low socioeconomic status smokers. Participants were asked to watch eight video-based classes describing mindfulness skills and how to use these skills to overcome various core challenges in tobacco dependence. Participants received eight weekly phone calls from a smoking cessation coach who provided general support and answered questions about the videos. On the quit day, participants received two weeks of nicotine patches. RESULTS: Participants were a mean of 40.5 years of age, smoked 16.31 cigarettes per day for 21.88 years, with a mean of 6.81 prior failed quit attempts. Participants completed a mean of 5.55 of 8 online video classes with a mean of 23.33 minutes per login, completed a mean of 3.19 of 8 phone coach calls, and reported a mean meditation practice time of 12.17 minutes per day. Smoking abstinence was defined as self-reported abstinence on a smoking calendar with biochemical confirmation via carbon monoxide breath-test under 7 parts per million. Intent-to-treat analysis demonstrated 7-day point prevalence smoking abstinence at 4 and 6-months post-quit of 23.1% and 15.4% respectively. Participants showed a significant pre- to post-intervention increase in mindfulness as measured by the Five-Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire, and a significant pre- to post-intervention decrease in the Anxiety Sub-scale of the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that Mindfulness Training for Smokers can be provided via web-based video instruction with phone support and yield reasonable participant engagement on intervention practices and that intervention efficacy and mechanism of effect deserve further study. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02164656 , Registration Date June 13, 2014.

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Published In

BMC Complement Altern Med

DOI

EISSN

1472-6882

Publication Date

March 29, 2015

Volume

15

Start / End Page

95

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Tobacco Use Disorder
  • Telephone
  • Telemedicine
  • Smoking Prevention
  • Smoking Cessation
  • Smoking
  • Prospective Studies
  • Nicotiana
  • Mindfulness
  • Middle Aged
 

Citation

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Davis, J. M., Manley, A. R., Goldberg, S. B., Stankevitz, K. A., & Smith, S. S. (2015). Mindfulness training for smokers via web-based video instruction with phone support: a prospective observational study. BMC Complement Altern Med, 15, 95. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-015-0618-3
Davis, James M., Alison R. Manley, Simon B. Goldberg, Kristin A. Stankevitz, and Stevens S. Smith. “Mindfulness training for smokers via web-based video instruction with phone support: a prospective observational study.BMC Complement Altern Med 15 (March 29, 2015): 95. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-015-0618-3.
Davis JM, Manley AR, Goldberg SB, Stankevitz KA, Smith SS. Mindfulness training for smokers via web-based video instruction with phone support: a prospective observational study. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2015 Mar 29;15:95.
Davis, James M., et al. “Mindfulness training for smokers via web-based video instruction with phone support: a prospective observational study.BMC Complement Altern Med, vol. 15, Mar. 2015, p. 95. Pubmed, doi:10.1186/s12906-015-0618-3.
Davis JM, Manley AR, Goldberg SB, Stankevitz KA, Smith SS. Mindfulness training for smokers via web-based video instruction with phone support: a prospective observational study. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2015 Mar 29;15:95.
Journal cover image

Published In

BMC Complement Altern Med

DOI

EISSN

1472-6882

Publication Date

March 29, 2015

Volume

15

Start / End Page

95

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Tobacco Use Disorder
  • Telephone
  • Telemedicine
  • Smoking Prevention
  • Smoking Cessation
  • Smoking
  • Prospective Studies
  • Nicotiana
  • Mindfulness
  • Middle Aged