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New methods for tables of school life, with applications to U.S. data from recent school years

Publication ,  Journal Article
Land, KC; Hough, GC
Published in: Journal of the American Statistical Association
January 1, 1989

Using current and retrospective school-enrollment data from October Current Population Surveys (CPS’s) together with demographic accounts for the U.S. civilian noninstitutional population, this study specifies new methods for the estimation of school-life tables. The new methods combine multistate (increment–decrement) methods for those ages for which CPS data on enrollment flows are available together with prevalence-rate methods for other ages for which CPS data are available on enrollment stocks alone. Applying an algorithm to construct tables of school life for the 1969–1970, 1974–1975, 1979–1980, and 1984–1985 school years, it is found that, between the ages of 14 and 34, most sex-, race-, and school-year-specific groups have an average of 1.5 to 2.0 exits per person, from enrolled to not enrolled in school. These exits are interspersed by an average of .5 to 1.0 exits per person, from not enrolled to enrolled in school. Since prevalence-rate life-table methods arbitrarily constrain individuals to only one exit from school enrollment to not enrolled over the life course, this finding verifies the need for increment–decrement methods for the teenage and young-adult years. Several other findings regarding differentials in schooling life by sex and race and trends over time are discussed. © 1989 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

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Published In

Journal of the American Statistical Association

DOI

EISSN

1537-274X

ISSN

0162-1459

Publication Date

January 1, 1989

Volume

84

Issue

405

Start / End Page

63 / 75

Related Subject Headings

  • Statistics & Probability
  • 4905 Statistics
  • 3802 Econometrics
  • 1603 Demography
  • 1403 Econometrics
  • 0104 Statistics
 

Citation

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ICMJE
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Land, K. C., & Hough, G. C. (1989). New methods for tables of school life, with applications to U.S. data from recent school years. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 84(405), 63–75. https://doi.org/10.1080/01621459.1989.10478739
Land, K. C., and G. C. Hough. “New methods for tables of school life, with applications to U.S. data from recent school years.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 84, no. 405 (January 1, 1989): 63–75. https://doi.org/10.1080/01621459.1989.10478739.
Land KC, Hough GC. New methods for tables of school life, with applications to U.S. data from recent school years. Journal of the American Statistical Association. 1989 Jan 1;84(405):63–75.
Land, K. C., and G. C. Hough. “New methods for tables of school life, with applications to U.S. data from recent school years.” Journal of the American Statistical Association, vol. 84, no. 405, Jan. 1989, pp. 63–75. Scopus, doi:10.1080/01621459.1989.10478739.
Land KC, Hough GC. New methods for tables of school life, with applications to U.S. data from recent school years. Journal of the American Statistical Association. 1989 Jan 1;84(405):63–75.

Published In

Journal of the American Statistical Association

DOI

EISSN

1537-274X

ISSN

0162-1459

Publication Date

January 1, 1989

Volume

84

Issue

405

Start / End Page

63 / 75

Related Subject Headings

  • Statistics & Probability
  • 4905 Statistics
  • 3802 Econometrics
  • 1603 Demography
  • 1403 Econometrics
  • 0104 Statistics