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International aid and natural disasters: a pre- and post-earthquake longitudinal study of the healthcare infrastructure in Leogane, Haiti.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Kligerman, M; Barry, M; Walmer, D; Bendavid, E
Published in: The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene
February 2015

The reconstruction of healthcare systems in developing countries after natural disasters is poorly understood. Using data collected before and after the 2010 Haiti earthquake, we detail the response of aid agencies and their interaction with local healthcare providers in Leogane, the city closest to the epicenter. We find that the period after the earthquake was associated with an increase in the total number of healthcare facilities, inpatient beds, and surgical facilities and that international aid has been a driving force behind this recovery. Aid has funded 12 of 13 new healthcare facilities that have opened since the earthquake as well as the reconstruction of 7 of 8 healthcare facilities that have been rebuilt. Despite increases in free, aid-financed healthcare, private Haitian healthcare facilities have remained at a constant number. The planned phase-out of several aid-financed facilities, however, will leave Leogane with fewer inpatient beds and healthcare services compared with the pre-earthquake period.

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Published In

The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene

DOI

EISSN

1476-1645

ISSN

0002-9637

Publication Date

February 2015

Volume

92

Issue

2

Start / End Page

448 / 453

Related Subject Headings

  • Tropical Medicine
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • International Cooperation
  • Humans
  • Hospitals
  • Health Facility Administration
  • Health Facilities
  • Haiti
  • Earthquakes
  • Disasters
 

Citation

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ICMJE
MLA
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Kligerman, M., Barry, M., Walmer, D., & Bendavid, E. (2015). International aid and natural disasters: a pre- and post-earthquake longitudinal study of the healthcare infrastructure in Leogane, Haiti. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 92(2), 448–453. https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.14-0379
Kligerman, Maxwell, Michele Barry, David Walmer, and Eran Bendavid. “International aid and natural disasters: a pre- and post-earthquake longitudinal study of the healthcare infrastructure in Leogane, Haiti.The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 92, no. 2 (February 2015): 448–53. https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.14-0379.
Kligerman M, Barry M, Walmer D, Bendavid E. International aid and natural disasters: a pre- and post-earthquake longitudinal study of the healthcare infrastructure in Leogane, Haiti. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene. 2015 Feb;92(2):448–53.
Kligerman, Maxwell, et al. “International aid and natural disasters: a pre- and post-earthquake longitudinal study of the healthcare infrastructure in Leogane, Haiti.The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 92, no. 2, Feb. 2015, pp. 448–53. Epmc, doi:10.4269/ajtmh.14-0379.
Kligerman M, Barry M, Walmer D, Bendavid E. International aid and natural disasters: a pre- and post-earthquake longitudinal study of the healthcare infrastructure in Leogane, Haiti. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene. 2015 Feb;92(2):448–453.

Published In

The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene

DOI

EISSN

1476-1645

ISSN

0002-9637

Publication Date

February 2015

Volume

92

Issue

2

Start / End Page

448 / 453

Related Subject Headings

  • Tropical Medicine
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • International Cooperation
  • Humans
  • Hospitals
  • Health Facility Administration
  • Health Facilities
  • Haiti
  • Earthquakes
  • Disasters