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Cultural phenomena and the syndemic factor: Substance abuse, violence, hiv, and depression among hispanic women

Publication ,  Journal Article
Gonzalez-Guarda, RM; Mccabe, BE; Vermeesch, AL; Cianelli, R; Florom-Smith, AL; Peragallo, N
Published in: Annals of Anthropological Practice
November 1, 2012

Researchers exploring the health of Hispanics in South Florida utilizing a combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods have identified that substance abuse, violence, risky sexual behavior, and depression are not only conceptualized as tightly interrelated health and social problems, but also hold together in a measurement model to represent an underlying phenomenon (i.e., the Syndemic Factor). The purpose of this study is to test hypothesized relationships between cultural phenomena and the Syndemic Factor among community-dwelling Hispanic women. Standardized questionnaires assessing Acculturation, Hispanic Stress, Familism, and the Syndemic Factor were administered to a cross-sectional sample of 548 Hispanic women from South Florida. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze relationships. The model explained 61 percent of the variance in the Syndemic Factor. There was a large positive relationship between the Syndemic Factor and Hispanic Stress, and a small inverse relationship between the Syndemic Factor and Familism. Women with high Hispanic Acculturation and low U.S. Acculturation scored lower on the Syndemic Factor than Integrated/Bicultural women. Familism buffered the relationship between Hispanic Stress and the Syndemic Factor. Structural, community, family, and individual prevention strategies that address underlying conditions associated with the Syndemic Factor must be developed and formally evaluated. © 2013 by the American Anthropological Association.

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Published In

Annals of Anthropological Practice

DOI

EISSN

2153-9588

ISSN

2153-957X

Publication Date

November 1, 2012

Volume

36

Issue

2

Start / End Page

212 / 231

Related Subject Headings

  • 1601 Anthropology
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M., Mccabe, B. E., Vermeesch, A. L., Cianelli, R., Florom-Smith, A. L., & Peragallo, N. (2012). Cultural phenomena and the syndemic factor: Substance abuse, violence, hiv, and depression among hispanic women. Annals of Anthropological Practice, 36(2), 212–231. https://doi.org/10.1111/napa.12001
Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M., B. E. Mccabe, A. L. Vermeesch, R. Cianelli, A. L. Florom-Smith, and N. Peragallo. “Cultural phenomena and the syndemic factor: Substance abuse, violence, hiv, and depression among hispanic women.” Annals of Anthropological Practice 36, no. 2 (November 1, 2012): 212–31. https://doi.org/10.1111/napa.12001.
Gonzalez-Guarda RM, Mccabe BE, Vermeesch AL, Cianelli R, Florom-Smith AL, Peragallo N. Cultural phenomena and the syndemic factor: Substance abuse, violence, hiv, and depression among hispanic women. Annals of Anthropological Practice. 2012 Nov 1;36(2):212–31.
Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M., et al. “Cultural phenomena and the syndemic factor: Substance abuse, violence, hiv, and depression among hispanic women.” Annals of Anthropological Practice, vol. 36, no. 2, Nov. 2012, pp. 212–31. Scopus, doi:10.1111/napa.12001.
Gonzalez-Guarda RM, Mccabe BE, Vermeesch AL, Cianelli R, Florom-Smith AL, Peragallo N. Cultural phenomena and the syndemic factor: Substance abuse, violence, hiv, and depression among hispanic women. Annals of Anthropological Practice. 2012 Nov 1;36(2):212–231.
Journal cover image

Published In

Annals of Anthropological Practice

DOI

EISSN

2153-9588

ISSN

2153-957X

Publication Date

November 1, 2012

Volume

36

Issue

2

Start / End Page

212 / 231

Related Subject Headings

  • 1601 Anthropology