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Sexual Reproduction in Dermatophytes.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Metin, B; Heitman, J
Published in: Mycopathologia
February 2017

Sexual reproduction is a rich source of genetic variation and commonly observed among fungi. Basically two different modes of sexual reproduction are observed in fungi, namely heterothallism where two compatible mating types are required to undergo mating and homothallism in which the organism is self-fertile. The genomic region governing the process of sexual reproduction and sex determination is called the mating type (MAT) locus. In filamentous ascomycetes including dermatophytes, the MAT locus harbors two different transcription factor genes in two different mating types. This review focuses on sexual reproduction and the structure of the MAT locus in dermatophytes. The reproductive modes and the observed mating types are summarized for different phylogenetic clades of dermatophytes. In addition, the question of whether or not unisexual reproduction, an interesting form of homothallism, may be the sexual reproduction mode especially in anthropophilic dermatophytes is raised.

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Published In

Mycopathologia

DOI

EISSN

1573-0832

Publication Date

February 2017

Volume

182

Issue

1-2

Start / End Page

45 / 55

Location

Netherlands

Related Subject Headings

  • Recombination, Genetic
  • Microbiology
  • Humans
  • Genes, Mating Type, Fungal
  • Genes, Fungal
  • Gene Order
  • Arthrodermataceae
  • Animals
  • 3107 Microbiology
  • 0607 Plant Biology
 

Citation

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Metin, B., & Heitman, J. (2017). Sexual Reproduction in Dermatophytes. Mycopathologia, 182(1–2), 45–55. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11046-016-0072-x
Metin, Banu, and Joseph Heitman. “Sexual Reproduction in Dermatophytes.Mycopathologia 182, no. 1–2 (February 2017): 45–55. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11046-016-0072-x.
Metin B, Heitman J. Sexual Reproduction in Dermatophytes. Mycopathologia. 2017 Feb;182(1–2):45–55.
Metin, Banu, and Joseph Heitman. “Sexual Reproduction in Dermatophytes.Mycopathologia, vol. 182, no. 1–2, Feb. 2017, pp. 45–55. Pubmed, doi:10.1007/s11046-016-0072-x.
Metin B, Heitman J. Sexual Reproduction in Dermatophytes. Mycopathologia. 2017 Feb;182(1–2):45–55.
Journal cover image

Published In

Mycopathologia

DOI

EISSN

1573-0832

Publication Date

February 2017

Volume

182

Issue

1-2

Start / End Page

45 / 55

Location

Netherlands

Related Subject Headings

  • Recombination, Genetic
  • Microbiology
  • Humans
  • Genes, Mating Type, Fungal
  • Genes, Fungal
  • Gene Order
  • Arthrodermataceae
  • Animals
  • 3107 Microbiology
  • 0607 Plant Biology