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Socioeconomic status and overweight/obesity in an adult Chinese population in Singapore.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Sabanayagam, C; Shankar, A; Wong, TY; Saw, SM; Foster, PJ
Published in: J Epidemiol
September 2007

BACKGROUND: Studies from industrialized Western countries have reported an inverse association between socioeconomic status and overweight/obesity. In contrast, few studies from newly industrialized countries in Asia have examined this association. In this context, we examined the association between socioeconomic status and overweight/obesity by gender in Chinese adults in Singapore. METHODS: A population-based cross sectional study of 942 participants (57.3% women, 40-81 years) residing in the Tanjong Pagar district of Singapore was conducted. Education, income, and housing type were used as socioeconomic status indicators. Main outcome-of-interest was the presence of overweight/obesity (n=313), classified by body mass index as overweight (25- 29.9 kg/m(2)), or obese (> or =30 kg/m(2)). RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight/obesity was 33% in men and 34% in women. In men, SES indicators were not associated with overweight/obesity. In women, SES indicators were found to be inversely associated with overweight/ obesity. Compared to women with secondary/higher education, the odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval [CI]) of overweight/obesity in women with primary/lower education was 2.5 (1.5-4.0). Compared to women earning > Singapore dollar (SGD) 1,000 per month, the OR (95% CI) of overweight/obesity among women earning < or =SGD 1,000 was 2.5 (1.4-4.5). Compared to women living in large size public apartments or private houses, the OR (95% CI) of overweight/obesity in women living in small/medium size public apartments was 1.8 (1.2-2.7). CONCLUSIONS: Lower socioeconomic status, defined by education, income, and housing type was associated with overweight/obesity in Chinese Singaporean women.

Duke Scholars

Published In

J Epidemiol

DOI

ISSN

0917-5040

Publication Date

September 2007

Volume

17

Issue

5

Start / End Page

161 / 168

Location

Japan

Related Subject Headings

  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Smoking
  • Singapore
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Overweight
  • Obesity
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Female
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Sabanayagam, C., Shankar, A., Wong, T. Y., Saw, S. M., & Foster, P. J. (2007). Socioeconomic status and overweight/obesity in an adult Chinese population in Singapore. J Epidemiol, 17(5), 161–168. https://doi.org/10.2188/jea.17.161
Sabanayagam, Charumathi, Anoop Shankar, Tien Yin Wong, Seang Mei Saw, and Paul J. Foster. “Socioeconomic status and overweight/obesity in an adult Chinese population in Singapore.J Epidemiol 17, no. 5 (September 2007): 161–68. https://doi.org/10.2188/jea.17.161.
Sabanayagam C, Shankar A, Wong TY, Saw SM, Foster PJ. Socioeconomic status and overweight/obesity in an adult Chinese population in Singapore. J Epidemiol. 2007 Sep;17(5):161–8.
Sabanayagam, Charumathi, et al. “Socioeconomic status and overweight/obesity in an adult Chinese population in Singapore.J Epidemiol, vol. 17, no. 5, Sept. 2007, pp. 161–68. Pubmed, doi:10.2188/jea.17.161.
Sabanayagam C, Shankar A, Wong TY, Saw SM, Foster PJ. Socioeconomic status and overweight/obesity in an adult Chinese population in Singapore. J Epidemiol. 2007 Sep;17(5):161–168.
Journal cover image

Published In

J Epidemiol

DOI

ISSN

0917-5040

Publication Date

September 2007

Volume

17

Issue

5

Start / End Page

161 / 168

Location

Japan

Related Subject Headings

  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Smoking
  • Singapore
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Overweight
  • Obesity
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Female