Skip to main content
Journal cover image

Rovalpituzumab tesirine, a DLL3-targeted antibody-drug conjugate, in recurrent small-cell lung cancer: a first-in-human, first-in-class, open-label, phase 1 study.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Rudin, CM; Pietanza, MC; Bauer, TM; Ready, N; Morgensztern, D; Glisson, BS; Byers, LA; Johnson, ML; Burris, HA; Robert, F; Han, TH; Bheddah, S ...
Published in: Lancet Oncol
January 2017

BACKGROUND: Rovalpituzumab tesirine is a first-in-class antibody-drug conjugate directed against delta-like protein 3 (DLL3), a novel target identified in tumour-initiating cells and expressed in more than 80% of patients with small-cell lung cancer. We aimed to assess the safety and activity of rovalpituzumab tesirine in patients who progressed after one or more previous regimen. METHODS: We conducted a phase 1 open-label study at ten cancer centres in the USA. Eligible patients were aged 18 years or older and had histologically or cytologically confirmed small-cell lung cancer or large-cell neuroendocrine tumours with progressive measurable disease (according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST], version 1.1) previously treated with one or two chemotherapeutic regimens, including a platinum-based regimen. We assigned patients to dose-escalation or expansion cohorts, ranging from 0·05 mg/kg to 0·8 mg/kg rovalpituzumab tesirine intravenously every 3 weeks or every 6 weeks, followed by investigation of the dose schedules 0·3 mg/kg and 0·4 mg/kg every 6 weeks and 0·2 mg/kg every 3 weeks. Primary objectives were to assess the safety of rovalpituzumab tesirine, including the maximum tolerated dose and dose-limiting toxic effects. The primary activity endpoint was objective response by intention-to-treat analysis. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01901653. The study is closed to enrolment; this report focuses on the cohort with small-cell lung cancer. FINDINGS: Between July 22, 2013, and Aug 10, 2015, 82 patients were enrolled, including 74 patients with small-cell lung cancer and eight with large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma, all of whom received at least one dose of rovalpituzumab tesirine. Dose-limiting toxic effects of rovalpituzumab tesirine occurred at a dose of 0·8 mg/kg every 3 weeks, including grade 4 thrombocytopenia (in two of two patients at that dose level) and grade 4 liver function test abnormalities (in one patient). The most frequent grade 3 or worse treatment-related adverse events in 74 patients with small-cell lung cancer were thrombocytopenia (eight [11%]), pleural effusion (six [8%]), and increased lipase (five [7%]). Drug-related serious adverse events occurred in 28 (38%) of 74 patients. The maximum tolerated dose of rovalpituzumab tesirine was 0·4 mg/kg every 3 weeks; the recommended phase 2 dose and schedule is 0·3 mg/kg every 6 weeks. At active doses of rovalpituzumab tesirine (0·2 mg/kg or 0·4 mg/kg every 3 weeks or 0·3 mg/kg or 0·4 mg/kg every 6 weeks), 11 (18%) of 60 assessable patients had a confirmed objective response. 11 (18%) of 60 assessable patients had a confirmed objective response, including ten (38%) of 26 patients confirmed to have high DLL3 expression (expression in 50% or more of tumour cells). INTERPRETATION: Rovalpituzumab tesirine shows encouraging single-agent antitumour activity with a manageable safety profile. Further development of rovalpituzumab tesirine in DLL3-expressing malignant diseases is warranted. FUNDING: Stemcentrx Inc.

Duke Scholars

Altmetric Attention Stats
Dimensions Citation Stats

Published In

Lancet Oncol

DOI

EISSN

1474-5488

Publication Date

January 2017

Volume

18

Issue

1

Start / End Page

42 / 51

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Survival Rate
  • Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
  • Prognosis
  • Oncology & Carcinogenesis
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  • Middle Aged
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose
  • Male
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Rudin, C. M., Pietanza, M. C., Bauer, T. M., Ready, N., Morgensztern, D., Glisson, B. S., … SCRX16-001 investigators, . (2017). Rovalpituzumab tesirine, a DLL3-targeted antibody-drug conjugate, in recurrent small-cell lung cancer: a first-in-human, first-in-class, open-label, phase 1 study. Lancet Oncol, 18(1), 42–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(16)30565-4
Rudin, Charles M., M Catherine Pietanza, Todd M. Bauer, Neal Ready, Daniel Morgensztern, Bonnie S. Glisson, Lauren A. Byers, et al. “Rovalpituzumab tesirine, a DLL3-targeted antibody-drug conjugate, in recurrent small-cell lung cancer: a first-in-human, first-in-class, open-label, phase 1 study.Lancet Oncol 18, no. 1 (January 2017): 42–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(16)30565-4.
Rudin CM, Pietanza MC, Bauer TM, Ready N, Morgensztern D, Glisson BS, et al. Rovalpituzumab tesirine, a DLL3-targeted antibody-drug conjugate, in recurrent small-cell lung cancer: a first-in-human, first-in-class, open-label, phase 1 study. Lancet Oncol. 2017 Jan;18(1):42–51.
Rudin, Charles M., et al. “Rovalpituzumab tesirine, a DLL3-targeted antibody-drug conjugate, in recurrent small-cell lung cancer: a first-in-human, first-in-class, open-label, phase 1 study.Lancet Oncol, vol. 18, no. 1, Jan. 2017, pp. 42–51. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/S1470-2045(16)30565-4.
Rudin CM, Pietanza MC, Bauer TM, Ready N, Morgensztern D, Glisson BS, Byers LA, Johnson ML, Burris HA, Robert F, Han TH, Bheddah S, Theiss N, Watson S, Mathur D, Vennapusa B, Zayed H, Lally S, Strickland DK, Govindan R, Dylla SJ, Peng SL, Spigel DR, SCRX16-001 investigators. Rovalpituzumab tesirine, a DLL3-targeted antibody-drug conjugate, in recurrent small-cell lung cancer: a first-in-human, first-in-class, open-label, phase 1 study. Lancet Oncol. 2017 Jan;18(1):42–51.
Journal cover image

Published In

Lancet Oncol

DOI

EISSN

1474-5488

Publication Date

January 2017

Volume

18

Issue

1

Start / End Page

42 / 51

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Survival Rate
  • Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
  • Prognosis
  • Oncology & Carcinogenesis
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  • Middle Aged
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose
  • Male