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Micro-level explanations for emergent patterns of self-governance arrangements in small-scale fisheries-A modeling approach.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Lindkvist, E; Basurto, X; Schlüter, M
Published in: PloS one
January 2017

Small-scale fisheries (SSFs) in developing countries are expected to play a significant role in poverty alleviation and enhancing food security in the decades to come. To realize this expectation, a better understanding of their informal self-governance arrangements is critical for developing policies that can improve fishers' livelihoods and lead to sustainable ecosystem stewardship. The goal of this paper is to develop a more nuanced understanding of micro-level factors-such as fishers' characteristics and behavior-to explain observed differences in self-governance arrangements in Northwest Mexico. We focus on two ubiquitous forms of self-governance: hierarchical non-cooperative arrangements between fishers and fishbuyers, such as patron-client relationships (PCs), versus more cooperative arrangements amongst fishers, such as fishing cooperatives (co-ops). We developed an agent-based model of an archetypical SSF that captures key hypotheses from in-depth fieldwork in Northwest Mexico of fishers' day-to-day fishing and trading. Results from our model indicate that high diversity in fishers' reliability, and low initial trust between co-op members, makes co-ops' establishment difficult. PCs cope better with this kind of diversity because, in contrast to co-ops, they have more flexibility in choosing whom to work with. However, once co-ops establish, they cope better with seasonal variability in fish abundance and provide long-term security for the fishers. We argue that existing levels of trust and diversity among fishers matter for different self-governance arrangements to establish and persist, and should therefore be taken into account when developing better, targeted policies for improved SSFs governance.

Duke Scholars

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Published In

PloS one

DOI

EISSN

1932-6203

ISSN

1932-6203

Publication Date

January 2017

Volume

12

Issue

4

Start / End Page

e0175532

Related Subject Headings

  • Models, Economic
  • Mexico
  • General Science & Technology
  • Food Supply
  • Fishes
  • Fisheries
  • Cooperative Behavior
  • Conservation of Natural Resources
  • Animals
 

Citation

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Lindkvist, E., Basurto, X., & Schlüter, M. (2017). Micro-level explanations for emergent patterns of self-governance arrangements in small-scale fisheries-A modeling approach. PloS One, 12(4), e0175532. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0175532
Lindkvist, Emilie, Xavier Basurto, and Maja Schlüter. “Micro-level explanations for emergent patterns of self-governance arrangements in small-scale fisheries-A modeling approach.PloS One 12, no. 4 (January 2017): e0175532. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0175532.
Lindkvist, Emilie, et al. “Micro-level explanations for emergent patterns of self-governance arrangements in small-scale fisheries-A modeling approach.PloS One, vol. 12, no. 4, Jan. 2017, p. e0175532. Epmc, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0175532.

Published In

PloS one

DOI

EISSN

1932-6203

ISSN

1932-6203

Publication Date

January 2017

Volume

12

Issue

4

Start / End Page

e0175532

Related Subject Headings

  • Models, Economic
  • Mexico
  • General Science & Technology
  • Food Supply
  • Fishes
  • Fisheries
  • Cooperative Behavior
  • Conservation of Natural Resources
  • Animals