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Baseline Factors Associated With 6-Month Visual Acuity and Retinal Thickness Outcomes in Patients With Macular Edema Secondary to Central Retinal Vein Occlusion or Hemiretinal Vein Occlusion: SCORE2 Study Report 4.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Scott, IU; VanVeldhuisen, PC; Ip, MS; Blodi, BA; Oden, NL; King, J; Antoszyk, AN; Peters, MA; Tolentino, M; SCORE2 Investigator Group,
Published in: JAMA Ophthalmol
June 1, 2017

IMPORTANCE: Macular edema (ME) is the leading cause of decreased visual acuity (VA) associated with retinal vein occlusion (RVO). Identifying factors associated with better outcomes in RVO eyes treated with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy may provide information useful in counseling patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate baseline characteristics associated with 6-month VA and central subfield thickness (CST) outcomes in participants in the Study of Comparative Treatments for Retinal Vein Occlusion 2 (SCORE2). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 362 patients with central RVO or hemi-RVO were enrolled between September 17, 2014, and November 18, 2015, and randomized 1:1 in a masked fashion to receive bevacizumab or aflibercept. At month 6, 348 participants (96%) had VA outcomes measured and 335 participants (93%) had spectral domain optical coherence tomography outcomes measured. The current data analysis was conducted from February 27, 2017, to April 7, 2017. INTERVENTIONS: Eyes were randomly assigned to receive an intravitreal injection of bevacizumab, 1.25 mg, or aflibercept, 2.0 mg, at baseline and every 4 weeks, with the primary outcome measured at 6 months. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Change from baseline in VA letter score (VALS), VALS gain of 15 or more, change from baseline in CST, CST less than 300 µm, and resolution of ME. Baseline factors associated with 6-month outcome at the 0.05 level in univariate regressions were included in multivariate regressions, with those significant after multiplicity control by the Hochberg method reported. RESULTS: The mean (SD) age of patients was 69 (12) years, and 43% were women. Younger patient age (odds ratio [OR], 0.95 per year of age; 95% CI, 0.93-0.98; P = .007) and lower baseline VALS (OR, 0.96 per letter; 95% CI, 0.94-0.98; P < .001) were associated with a 6-month VALS gain of 15 or greater. Compared with bevacizumab, aflibercept treatment was associated with a higher odds of ME resolution (OR, 3.59; 95% CI, 2.22-5.80; P < .001) and CST less than 300 µm (OR,  5.30; 95% CI, 2.40-11.67; P = .001), but not with a better VA outcome. Macular edema was less likely to resolve in eyes that received anti-VEGF treatment prior to study participation (OR, 0.33; 95% CI, 0.17-0.64; P = .03). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: In eyes treated with bevacizumab or aflibercept, younger age and worse baseline VALS were associated with better 6-month VA outcomes. Aflibercept treatment was associated with more favorable spectral domain optical coherence tomography outcomes but not VA outcomes. These findings may be useful in assessing expected response at month 6 after monthly injection of anti-VEGF agents for treating ME due to CRVO and HRVO. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01969708.

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Published In

JAMA Ophthalmol

DOI

EISSN

2168-6173

Publication Date

June 1, 2017

Volume

135

Issue

6

Start / End Page

639 / 649

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Visual Acuity
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence
  • Time Factors
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Retinal Vein Occlusion
  • Retina
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor
 

Citation

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Scott, I. U., VanVeldhuisen, P. C., Ip, M. S., Blodi, B. A., Oden, N. L., King, J., … SCORE2 Investigator Group, . (2017). Baseline Factors Associated With 6-Month Visual Acuity and Retinal Thickness Outcomes in Patients With Macular Edema Secondary to Central Retinal Vein Occlusion or Hemiretinal Vein Occlusion: SCORE2 Study Report 4. JAMA Ophthalmol, 135(6), 639–649. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.1141
Scott, Ingrid U., Paul C. VanVeldhuisen, Michael S. Ip, Barbara A. Blodi, Neal L. Oden, Jacqueline King, Andrew N. Antoszyk, Mark A. Peters, Michael Tolentino, and Michael SCORE2 Investigator Group. “Baseline Factors Associated With 6-Month Visual Acuity and Retinal Thickness Outcomes in Patients With Macular Edema Secondary to Central Retinal Vein Occlusion or Hemiretinal Vein Occlusion: SCORE2 Study Report 4.JAMA Ophthalmol 135, no. 6 (June 1, 2017): 639–49. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.1141.
Scott IU, VanVeldhuisen PC, Ip MS, Blodi BA, Oden NL, King J, Antoszyk AN, Peters MA, Tolentino M, SCORE2 Investigator Group. Baseline Factors Associated With 6-Month Visual Acuity and Retinal Thickness Outcomes in Patients With Macular Edema Secondary to Central Retinal Vein Occlusion or Hemiretinal Vein Occlusion: SCORE2 Study Report 4. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2017 Jun 1;135(6):639–649.

Published In

JAMA Ophthalmol

DOI

EISSN

2168-6173

Publication Date

June 1, 2017

Volume

135

Issue

6

Start / End Page

639 / 649

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Visual Acuity
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence
  • Time Factors
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Retinal Vein Occlusion
  • Retina
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor