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Family environment as a moderator of the association between anxiety and suicidal ideation.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Machell, KA; Rallis, BA; Esposito-Smythers, C
Published in: J Anxiety Disord
May 2016

The present study examined associations among anxiety symptoms, anxiety disorder diagnoses, perceptions of family support and conflict, and suicidal ideation (SI) in a clinical sample of psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents. Participants were 185 adolescents (72% female; 84% white, mean age=15.02years, SD=1.33) hospitalized on an acute psychiatric inpatient unit. Results indicated that anxiety disorders and symptoms were positively associated with SI, even after controlling for mood disorder diagnoses and sex. Moreover, this relationship was stronger among youth who reported lower (versus higher) levels of family support. Family conflict was positively associated with SI but did not moderate the relationship between anxiety and SI. Results suggest that family support may represent an important intervention target to decrease suicide risk among anxious youth. Integrating positive parenting techniques (e.g., attending to positive behaviors, providing praise, emotion coaching) and effective parent-child communication into treatment with anxious youth may help achieve this aim.

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Published In

J Anxiety Disord

DOI

EISSN

1873-7897

Publication Date

May 2016

Volume

40

Start / End Page

1 / 7

Location

Netherlands

Related Subject Headings

  • Suicide, Attempted
  • Suicidal Ideation
  • Social Support
  • Social Environment
  • Risk Factors
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Family
  • Clinical Psychology
 

Citation

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Machell, K. A., Rallis, B. A., & Esposito-Smythers, C. (2016). Family environment as a moderator of the association between anxiety and suicidal ideation. J Anxiety Disord, 40, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2016.03.002
Machell, Kyla A., Bethany A. Rallis, and Christianne Esposito-Smythers. “Family environment as a moderator of the association between anxiety and suicidal ideation.J Anxiety Disord 40 (May 2016): 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2016.03.002.
Machell KA, Rallis BA, Esposito-Smythers C. Family environment as a moderator of the association between anxiety and suicidal ideation. J Anxiety Disord. 2016 May;40:1–7.
Machell, Kyla A., et al. “Family environment as a moderator of the association between anxiety and suicidal ideation.J Anxiety Disord, vol. 40, May 2016, pp. 1–7. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.janxdis.2016.03.002.
Machell KA, Rallis BA, Esposito-Smythers C. Family environment as a moderator of the association between anxiety and suicidal ideation. J Anxiety Disord. 2016 May;40:1–7.
Journal cover image

Published In

J Anxiety Disord

DOI

EISSN

1873-7897

Publication Date

May 2016

Volume

40

Start / End Page

1 / 7

Location

Netherlands

Related Subject Headings

  • Suicide, Attempted
  • Suicidal Ideation
  • Social Support
  • Social Environment
  • Risk Factors
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Family
  • Clinical Psychology