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The effect of a weight gain prevention intervention on moderate-vigorous physical activity among black women: the Shape Program.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Greaney, ML; Askew, S; Wallington, SF; Foley, PB; Quintiliani, LM; Bennett, GG
Published in: The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity
October 2017

Rates of physical inactivity are high among Black women living in the United States with overweight or obesity, especially those living in the rural South. This study was conducted to determine if an efficacious weight gain prevention intervention increased moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA).The Shape Program, a weight gain prevention intervention implemented in community health centers in rural North Carolina, was designed for socioeconomically disadvantaged Black women with overweight or obesity. MVPA was measured using accelerometers, and summarized into 1- and 10-min bouts. We employed analyses of covariance (ANCOVA) to assess the relationship between changes in MVPA over 12 months, calculated as a change score, and intervention assignment (intervention versus usual care).Participants completing both baseline and 12-month accelerometer assessments (n = 121) had a mean age of 36.1 (SD = 5.43) years and a mean body mass index of 30.24 kg/m2 (SD = 2.60). At baseline, 38% met the physical activity recommendation (150 min of MVPA/week) when assessed using 10-min bouts, and 76% met the recommendation when assessed using 1-min bouts. There were no significant differences in change in MVPA participation among participants randomized to the intervention from baseline to 12-months using 1-min bouts (adjusted intervention mean [95% CI]: 20.50 [-109.09 to 150.10] vs. adjusted usual care mean [95% CI]: -80.04 [-209.21 to 49.13], P = .29), or 10-min bouts (adjusted intervention mean [95% CI]: 7.39 [-83.57 to 98.35] vs. adjusted usual care mean [95% CI]: -17.26 [-107.93 to 73.40], P = .70).Although prior research determined that the Shape intervention promoted weight gain prevention, MVPA did not increase significantly among intervention participants from baseline to 12 months. The classification of bouts had a marked effect on the prevalence estimates of those meeting physical activity recommendations. More research is needed to understand how to promote increased MVPA in weight gain prevention interventions.This study is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov database (No. NCT00938535. Retrospectively Registered 7/10/2009).

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Published In

The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity

DOI

EISSN

1479-5868

ISSN

1479-5868

Publication Date

October 2017

Volume

14

Issue

1

Start / End Page

139

Related Subject Headings

  • Weight Gain
  • Rural Population
  • Public Health
  • Overweight
  • Obesity
  • North Carolina
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Exercise
  • Community Health Services
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Greaney, M. L., Askew, S., Wallington, S. F., Foley, P. B., Quintiliani, L. M., & Bennett, G. G. (2017). The effect of a weight gain prevention intervention on moderate-vigorous physical activity among black women: the Shape Program. The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14(1), 139. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-017-0596-6
Greaney, Mary L., Sandy Askew, Sherrie F. Wallington, Perry B. Foley, Lisa M. Quintiliani, and Gary G. Bennett. “The effect of a weight gain prevention intervention on moderate-vigorous physical activity among black women: the Shape Program.The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 14, no. 1 (October 2017): 139. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-017-0596-6.
Greaney ML, Askew S, Wallington SF, Foley PB, Quintiliani LM, Bennett GG. The effect of a weight gain prevention intervention on moderate-vigorous physical activity among black women: the Shape Program. The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity. 2017 Oct;14(1):139.
Greaney, Mary L., et al. “The effect of a weight gain prevention intervention on moderate-vigorous physical activity among black women: the Shape Program.The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 14, no. 1, Oct. 2017, p. 139. Epmc, doi:10.1186/s12966-017-0596-6.
Greaney ML, Askew S, Wallington SF, Foley PB, Quintiliani LM, Bennett GG. The effect of a weight gain prevention intervention on moderate-vigorous physical activity among black women: the Shape Program. The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity. 2017 Oct;14(1):139.
Journal cover image

Published In

The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity

DOI

EISSN

1479-5868

ISSN

1479-5868

Publication Date

October 2017

Volume

14

Issue

1

Start / End Page

139

Related Subject Headings

  • Weight Gain
  • Rural Population
  • Public Health
  • Overweight
  • Obesity
  • North Carolina
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Exercise
  • Community Health Services