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Association of estimated glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in general population cohorts: a collaborative meta-analysis.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Chronic Kidney Disease Prognosis Consortium, ; Matsushita, K; van der Velde, M; Astor, BC; Woodward, M; Levey, AS; de Jong, PE; Coresh, J ...
Published in: Lancet (London, England)
June 2010

Substantial controversy surrounds the use of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albuminuria to define chronic kidney disease and assign its stages. We undertook a meta-analysis to assess the independent and combined associations of eGFR and albuminuria with mortality.In this collaborative meta-analysis of general population cohorts, we pooled standardised data for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality from studies containing at least 1000 participants and baseline information about eGFR and urine albumin concentrations. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality associated with eGFR and albuminuria, adjusted for potential confounders.The analysis included 105,872 participants (730,577 person-years) from 14 studies with urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) measurements and 1,128,310 participants (4,732,110 person-years) from seven studies with urine protein dipstick measurements. In studies with ACR measurements, risk of mortality was unrelated to eGFR between 75 mL/min/1.73 m(2) and 105 mL/min/1.73 m(2) and increased at lower eGFRs. Compared with eGFR 95 mL/min/1.73 m(2), adjusted HRs for all-cause mortality were 1.18 (95% CI 1.05-1.32) for eGFR 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2), 1.57 (1.39-1.78) for 45 mL/min/1.73 m(2), and 3.14 (2.39-4.13) for 15 mL/min/1.73 m(2). ACR was associated with risk of mortality linearly on the log-log scale without threshold effects. Compared with ACR 0.6 mg/mmol, adjusted HRs for all-cause mortality were 1.20 (1.15-1.26) for ACR 1.1 mg/mmol, 1.63 (1.50-1.77) for 3.4 mg/mmol, and 2.22 (1.97-2.51) for 33.9 mg/mmol. eGFR and ACR were multiplicatively associated with risk of mortality without evidence of interaction. Similar findings were recorded for cardiovascular mortality and in studies with dipstick measurements.eGFR less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) and ACR 1.1 mg/mmol (10 mg/g) or more are independent predictors of mortality risk in the general population. This study provides quantitative data for use of both kidney measures for risk assessment and definition and staging of chronic kidney disease.Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO), US National Kidney Foundation, and Dutch Kidney Foundation.

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Published In

Lancet (London, England)

DOI

EISSN

1474-547X

ISSN

0140-6736

Publication Date

June 2010

Volume

375

Issue

9731

Start / End Page

2073 / 2081

Related Subject Headings

  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Mortality
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Kidney Diseases
  • Humans
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • General & Internal Medicine
  • Female
  • Creatinine
 

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Chronic Kidney Disease Prognosis Consortium, ., Matsushita, K., van der Velde, M., Astor, B. C., Woodward, M., Levey, A. S., … Gansevoort, R. T. (2010). Association of estimated glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in general population cohorts: a collaborative meta-analysis. Lancet (London, England), 375(9731), 2073–2081. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(10)60674-5
Chronic Kidney Disease Prognosis Consortium, M., Kunihiro Matsushita, Marije van der Velde, Brad C. Astor, Mark Woodward, Andrew S. Levey, Paul E. de Jong, Josef Coresh, and Ron T. Gansevoort. “Association of estimated glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in general population cohorts: a collaborative meta-analysis.Lancet (London, England) 375, no. 9731 (June 2010): 2073–81. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(10)60674-5.
Chronic Kidney Disease Prognosis Consortium, Matsushita K, van der Velde M, Astor BC, Woodward M, Levey AS, et al. Association of estimated glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in general population cohorts: a collaborative meta-analysis. Lancet (London, England). 2010 Jun;375(9731):2073–81.
Chronic Kidney Disease Prognosis Consortium, M., et al. “Association of estimated glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in general population cohorts: a collaborative meta-analysis.Lancet (London, England), vol. 375, no. 9731, June 2010, pp. 2073–81. Epmc, doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(10)60674-5.
Chronic Kidney Disease Prognosis Consortium, Matsushita K, van der Velde M, Astor BC, Woodward M, Levey AS, de Jong PE, Coresh J, Gansevoort RT. Association of estimated glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in general population cohorts: a collaborative meta-analysis. Lancet (London, England). 2010 Jun;375(9731):2073–2081.
Journal cover image

Published In

Lancet (London, England)

DOI

EISSN

1474-547X

ISSN

0140-6736

Publication Date

June 2010

Volume

375

Issue

9731

Start / End Page

2073 / 2081

Related Subject Headings

  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Mortality
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Kidney Diseases
  • Humans
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • General & Internal Medicine
  • Female
  • Creatinine