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Exploration of NO2 and PM2.5 air pollution and mental health problems using high-resolution data in London-based children from a UK longitudinal cohort study.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Roberts, S; Arseneault, L; Barratt, B; Beevers, S; Danese, A; Odgers, CL; Moffitt, TE; Reuben, A; Kelly, FJ; Fisher, HL
Published in: Psychiatry research
February 2019

Air pollution is a worldwide environmental health issue. Increasingly, reports suggest that poor air quality may be associated with mental health problems, but these studies often use global measures and rarely focus on early development when psychopathology commonly emerges. To address this, we combined high-resolution air pollution exposure estimates and prospectively-collected phenotypic data to explore concurrent and longitudinal associations between air pollutants of major concern in urban areas and mental health problems in childhood and adolescence. Exploratory analyses were conducted on 284 London-based children from the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study. Exposure to annualized PM2.5 and NO2 concentrations was estimated at address-level when children were aged 12. Symptoms of anxiety, depression, conduct disorder, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder were assessed at ages 12 and 18. Psychiatric diagnoses were ascertained from interviews with the participants at age 18. We found no associations between age-12 pollution exposure and concurrent mental health problems. However, age-12 pollution estimates were significantly associated with increased odds of major depressive disorder at age 18, even after controlling for common risk factors. This study demonstrates the potential utility of incorporating high-resolution pollution estimates into large epidemiological cohorts to robustly investigate associations between air pollution and youth mental health.

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Published In

Psychiatry research

DOI

EISSN

1872-7123

ISSN

0165-1781

Publication Date

February 2019

Volume

272

Start / End Page

8 / 17

Related Subject Headings

  • Psychiatry
  • Particulate Matter
  • Nitrogen Dioxide
  • Mental Disorders
  • Male
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • London
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Child
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Roberts, S., Arseneault, L., Barratt, B., Beevers, S., Danese, A., Odgers, C. L., … Fisher, H. L. (2019). Exploration of NO2 and PM2.5 air pollution and mental health problems using high-resolution data in London-based children from a UK longitudinal cohort study. Psychiatry Research, 272, 8–17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.050
Roberts, Susanna, Louise Arseneault, Benjamin Barratt, Sean Beevers, Andrea Danese, Candice L. Odgers, Terrie E. Moffitt, Aaron Reuben, Frank J. Kelly, and Helen L. Fisher. “Exploration of NO2 and PM2.5 air pollution and mental health problems using high-resolution data in London-based children from a UK longitudinal cohort study.Psychiatry Research 272 (February 2019): 8–17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.050.
Roberts S, Arseneault L, Barratt B, Beevers S, Danese A, Odgers CL, et al. Exploration of NO2 and PM2.5 air pollution and mental health problems using high-resolution data in London-based children from a UK longitudinal cohort study. Psychiatry research. 2019 Feb;272:8–17.
Roberts, Susanna, et al. “Exploration of NO2 and PM2.5 air pollution and mental health problems using high-resolution data in London-based children from a UK longitudinal cohort study.Psychiatry Research, vol. 272, Feb. 2019, pp. 8–17. Epmc, doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.050.
Roberts S, Arseneault L, Barratt B, Beevers S, Danese A, Odgers CL, Moffitt TE, Reuben A, Kelly FJ, Fisher HL. Exploration of NO2 and PM2.5 air pollution and mental health problems using high-resolution data in London-based children from a UK longitudinal cohort study. Psychiatry research. 2019 Feb;272:8–17.
Journal cover image

Published In

Psychiatry research

DOI

EISSN

1872-7123

ISSN

0165-1781

Publication Date

February 2019

Volume

272

Start / End Page

8 / 17

Related Subject Headings

  • Psychiatry
  • Particulate Matter
  • Nitrogen Dioxide
  • Mental Disorders
  • Male
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • London
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Child