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Disparities in functional disability among Arab Americans by nativity, immigrant arrival cohort, and country of birth.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Read, JG; Ajrouch, KJ; West, JS
Published in: SSM Popul Health
April 2019

This study contributes to a growing literature that documents the importance of arrival cohort and country of birth for differentiating the health of U.S. immigrants. We use nationally-representative data from nine years of the American Community Survey (2008-2016) to examine if an immigrant health advantage exists among Arab Americans ages 40+ (n = 49,867) and test if differences among the foreign-born vary by arrival cohort (pre-1991, 1991-2000, and 2001+). Results from multivariate logistic regression models find that foreign-born Arab Americans have higher odds of physical and self-care disability, and this varies by immigrant arrival cohort. The post-2001 cohort had the highest odds of both disabilities, while the earlier two cohorts did not differ from the native-born after adjustments for covariates. Compositional differences in birthplace, particularly the large influx of immigrants from Iraq in the most recent cohort, explained these differences. Political instabilities globally have contributed to a growing number of U.S. immigrants with vulnerabilities that might be overlooked when arrival cohorts are not considered.

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Published In

SSM Popul Health

DOI

ISSN

2352-8273

Publication Date

April 2019

Volume

7

Start / End Page

100325

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • 4410 Sociology
  • 4206 Public health
  • 4202 Epidemiology
  • 1117 Public Health and Health Services
 

Citation

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Read, J. G., Ajrouch, K. J., & West, J. S. (2019). Disparities in functional disability among Arab Americans by nativity, immigrant arrival cohort, and country of birth. SSM Popul Health, 7, 100325. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.100325
Read, Jen’nan G., Kristine J. Ajrouch, and Jessica S. West. “Disparities in functional disability among Arab Americans by nativity, immigrant arrival cohort, and country of birth.SSM Popul Health 7 (April 2019): 100325. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.100325.
Read, Jen’nan G., et al. “Disparities in functional disability among Arab Americans by nativity, immigrant arrival cohort, and country of birth.SSM Popul Health, vol. 7, Apr. 2019, p. 100325. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.100325.
Journal cover image

Published In

SSM Popul Health

DOI

ISSN

2352-8273

Publication Date

April 2019

Volume

7

Start / End Page

100325

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • 4410 Sociology
  • 4206 Public health
  • 4202 Epidemiology
  • 1117 Public Health and Health Services