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Availability of Automated External Defibrillators in Public High Schools.

Publication ,  Journal Article
White, MJ; Loccoh, EC; Goble, MM; Yu, S; Duquette, D; Davis, MM; Odetola, FO; Russell, MW
Published in: J Pediatr
May 2016

OBJECTIVES: To assess automated external defibrillator (AED) distribution and cardiac emergency preparedness in Michigan secondary schools and investigate for association with school sociodemographic characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: Surveys were sent via electronic mail to representatives from all public high schools in 30 randomly selected Michigan counties, stratified by population. Association of AED-related factors with school sociodemographic characteristics were evaluated using Wilcoxon rank sum test and χ(2) test, as appropriate. RESULTS: Of 188 schools, 133 (71%) responded to the survey and all had AEDs. Larger student population was associated with fewer AEDs per 100 students (P < .0001) and fewer staff with AED training per AED (P = .02), compared with smaller schools. Schools with >20% students from racial minority groups had significantly fewer AEDs available per 100 students than schools with less racial diversity (P = .03). Schools with more students eligible for free and reduced lunch were less likely to have a cardiac emergency response plan (P = .02) and demonstrated less frequent AED maintenance (P = .03). CONCLUSIONS: Although AEDs are available at public high schools across Michigan, the number of AEDs per student varies inversely with minority student population and school size. Unequal distribution of AEDs and lack of cardiac emergency preparedness may contribute to outcomes of sudden cardiac arrest among youth.

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Published In

J Pediatr

DOI

EISSN

1097-6833

Publication Date

May 2016

Volume

172

Start / End Page

142 / 146.e1

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Schools
  • School Health Services
  • Pediatrics
  • Michigan
  • Humans
  • Emergency Medical Services
  • Defibrillators
  • Death, Sudden, Cardiac
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
 

Citation

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White, M. J., Loccoh, E. C., Goble, M. M., Yu, S., Duquette, D., Davis, M. M., … Russell, M. W. (2016). Availability of Automated External Defibrillators in Public High Schools. J Pediatr, 172, 142-146.e1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.02.010
White, Michelle J., Emefah C. Loccoh, Monica M. Goble, Sunkyung Yu, Deb Duquette, Matthew M. Davis, Folafoluwa O. Odetola, and Mark W. Russell. “Availability of Automated External Defibrillators in Public High Schools.J Pediatr 172 (May 2016): 142-146.e1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.02.010.
White MJ, Loccoh EC, Goble MM, Yu S, Duquette D, Davis MM, et al. Availability of Automated External Defibrillators in Public High Schools. J Pediatr. 2016 May;172:142-146.e1.
White, Michelle J., et al. “Availability of Automated External Defibrillators in Public High Schools.J Pediatr, vol. 172, May 2016, pp. 142-146.e1. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.02.010.
White MJ, Loccoh EC, Goble MM, Yu S, Duquette D, Davis MM, Odetola FO, Russell MW. Availability of Automated External Defibrillators in Public High Schools. J Pediatr. 2016 May;172:142-146.e1.
Journal cover image

Published In

J Pediatr

DOI

EISSN

1097-6833

Publication Date

May 2016

Volume

172

Start / End Page

142 / 146.e1

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Schools
  • School Health Services
  • Pediatrics
  • Michigan
  • Humans
  • Emergency Medical Services
  • Defibrillators
  • Death, Sudden, Cardiac
  • Cross-Sectional Studies