Skip to main content
Journal cover image

Pervasive human-driven decline of life on Earth points to the need for transformative change.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Díaz, S; Settele, J; Brondízio, ES; Ngo, HT; Agard, J; Arneth, A; Balvanera, P; Brauman, KA; Butchart, SHM; Chan, KMA; Garibaldi, LA; Ichii, K ...
Published in: Science (New York, N.Y.)
December 2019

The human impact on life on Earth has increased sharply since the 1970s, driven by the demands of a growing population with rising average per capita income. Nature is currently supplying more materials than ever before, but this has come at the high cost of unprecedented global declines in the extent and integrity of ecosystems, distinctness of local ecological communities, abundance and number of wild species, and the number of local domesticated varieties. Such changes reduce vital benefits that people receive from nature and threaten the quality of life of future generations. Both the benefits of an expanding economy and the costs of reducing nature's benefits are unequally distributed. The fabric of life on which we all depend-nature and its contributions to people-is unravelling rapidly. Despite the severity of the threats and lack of enough progress in tackling them to date, opportunities exist to change future trajectories through transformative action. Such action must begin immediately, however, and address the root economic, social, and technological causes of nature's deterioration.

Duke Scholars

Altmetric Attention Stats
Dimensions Citation Stats

Published In

Science (New York, N.Y.)

DOI

EISSN

1095-9203

ISSN

0036-8075

Publication Date

December 2019

Volume

366

Issue

6471

Start / End Page

eaax3100

Related Subject Headings

  • Quality of Life
  • Population Growth
  • Humans
  • Human Activities
  • General Science & Technology
  • Earth, Planet
  • Conservation of Natural Resources
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Díaz, S., Settele, J., Brondízio, E. S., Ngo, H. T., Agard, J., Arneth, A., … Zayas, C. N. (2019). Pervasive human-driven decline of life on Earth points to the need for transformative change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 366(6471), eaax3100. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aax3100
Díaz, Sandra, Josef Settele, Eduardo S. Brondízio, Hien T. Ngo, John Agard, Almut Arneth, Patricia Balvanera, et al. “Pervasive human-driven decline of life on Earth points to the need for transformative change.Science (New York, N.Y.) 366, no. 6471 (December 2019): eaax3100. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aax3100.
Díaz S, Settele J, Brondízio ES, Ngo HT, Agard J, Arneth A, et al. Pervasive human-driven decline of life on Earth points to the need for transformative change. Science (New York, NY). 2019 Dec;366(6471):eaax3100.
Díaz, Sandra, et al. “Pervasive human-driven decline of life on Earth points to the need for transformative change.Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 366, no. 6471, Dec. 2019, p. eaax3100. Epmc, doi:10.1126/science.aax3100.
Díaz S, Settele J, Brondízio ES, Ngo HT, Agard J, Arneth A, Balvanera P, Brauman KA, Butchart SHM, Chan KMA, Garibaldi LA, Ichii K, Liu J, Subramanian SM, Midgley GF, Miloslavich P, Molnár Z, Obura D, Pfaff A, Polasky S, Purvis A, Razzaque J, Reyers B, Chowdhury RR, Shin Y-J, Visseren-Hamakers I, Willis KJ, Zayas CN. Pervasive human-driven decline of life on Earth points to the need for transformative change. Science (New York, NY). 2019 Dec;366(6471):eaax3100.
Journal cover image

Published In

Science (New York, N.Y.)

DOI

EISSN

1095-9203

ISSN

0036-8075

Publication Date

December 2019

Volume

366

Issue

6471

Start / End Page

eaax3100

Related Subject Headings

  • Quality of Life
  • Population Growth
  • Humans
  • Human Activities
  • General Science & Technology
  • Earth, Planet
  • Conservation of Natural Resources